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PURPOSE To determine the factors influencing endothelial morphometry by using image analysis of corneas stored in organ culture to determine the coefficient of variation (CV) in cell area and percentage of hexagonal cells. METHODS The endothelia of 505 of the 559 corneas consecutively stored at the eye bank were routinely analyzed with Sambacornea(More)
The aim of this work was to analyze the magnitude of inherent errors associated with the fixed-frame counting method for corneal endothelial cell density (ECD) measurements. This technique is common among most eye banks worldwide. Three types of mosaics were used: regular and irregular tessellated mosaics (eight increasing densities ranging from 800 to(More)
BACKGROUND Apoptosis very probably plays a key part in endothelial cell loss during corneal storage in organ culture as well as hypothermic storage. However, the mechanisms underlying endothelial apoptosis are poorly understood. The response of a human corneal endothelial cell (HCEC) line to staurosporine, a known inducer of apoptosis, was investigated to(More)
PURPOSE The outer limiting membrane (OLM) is considered to play a role in maintaining the structure of the retina through mechanical strength. However, the observation of junction proteins located at the OLM and its barrier permeability properties may suggest that the OLM may be part of the retinal barrier. MATERIAL AND METHODS Normal and diabetic rat,(More)
PURPOSE En face observation of corneal endothelial cells (ECs) using flat-mounted whole corneas is theoretically much more informative than observation of cross-sections that show only a few cells. Nevertheless, it is not widespread for immunolocalization (IL) of proteins, probably because the endothelium, a superficial monolayer, behaves neither like a(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelial examination of organ culture stored corneas is usually done manually and on several mosaic zones. Some banks use an image analyser that takes account of only one zone. This method is restricted by image quality, and may be inaccurate if endothelial cell density (ECD) within the mosaic is not homogeneous. The authors have developed an(More)
Laser photocoagulation is currently the standard treatment for sight-threatening diseases worldwide, namely diabetic retinopathy and retinal vein occlusions. The slit lamp biomicroscope is the most commonly used device for this procedure, specially for the treatment of the eye periphery. However, only a small portion of the retina can be visualized through(More)
BACKGROUND The assessment of blood lipids is very frequent in clinical research as it is assumed to reflect the lipid composition of peripheral tissues. Even well accepted such relationships have never been clearly established. This is particularly true in ophthalmology where the use of blood lipids has become very common following recent data linking lipid(More)
PURPOSE Dextran T500, routinely used as a deswelling supplement in organ culture (OC), has been suspected of being toxic to corneal endothelial cells (ECs). This study was conducted to evaluate the innovative use of poloxamers compared with dextran for deswelling OC corneas. METHODS Five poloxamers (P124, P188, P237, P338, and P407) were dissolved(More)
PURPOSE Eliminating fetal calf serum (FCS) from corneal organ culture (OC) media has long been a challenge. This study was an assessment of a new animal compound-free (ACF) medium for corneal storage and of its combination with poloxamer for end-of-storage corneal deswelling. METHODS A randomized controlled study with masked assessment compared the ACF(More)