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The cuprate high-temperature superconductors have been the focus of unprecedentedly intense and sustained study not only because of their high superconducting transition temperatures, but also because they represent the most exquisitely investigated examples of highly correlated electronic materials. In particular, the pseudogap regime of the phase diagram(More)
One of the most spectacular phenomena in physics in terms of dynamical range is the glass transition and the associated slowing down of flow and relaxation with decreasing temperature. That it occurs in many different liquids seems to call for a " universal " theory. In this article, we review one such theoretical approach which is based on the concept of "(More)
The adsorption or adhesion of large particles (proteins, colloids, cells,. . .) at the liquid-solid interface plays an important role in many diverse applications. Despite the apparent complexity of the process, two features are particularly important: 1) the adsorption is often irreversible on experimental time scales and 2) the adsorption rate is limited(More)
We use recently introduced three-point dynamic susceptibilities to obtain an experimental determination of the temperature evolution of the number of molecules Ncorr that are dynamically correlated during the structural relaxation of supercooled liquids. We first discuss in detail the physical content of three-point functions that relate the sensitivity of(More)
We show that, in the equilibrium phase of glass-forming hard-sphere fluids in three dimensions, the static length scales tentatively associated with the dynamical slowdown and the dynamical length characterizing spatial heterogeneities in the dynamics unambiguously decorrelate. The former grow at a much slower rate than the latter when density increases.(More)
We consider the approach describing glass formation in liquids as a progressive trapping in an exponentially large number of metastable states. To go beyond the mean-field setting, we provide a real-space renormalization group (RG) analysis of the associated replica free-energy functional. The present approximation yields in finite dimensions an ideal glass(More)
We study the role of the attractive intermolecular forces in the viscous regime of a simple glass-forming liquid by using computer simulations. To this end, we compare the structure and the dynamics of a standard Lennard-Jones glass-forming liquid model with and without the attractive tail of the interaction potentials. The viscous slowing down of the two(More)
We investigate both analytically and by numerical simulation the kinetics of a microscopic model of hard rods adsorbing on a linear substrate, a model that is relevant for compaction of granular materials. The computer simulations use an event-driven algorithm that is particularly efficient at very long times. For a small, but finite desorption rate, the(More)
We study the geometrical frustration scenario of glass formation for simple hard-sphere models. We find that the dual picture in terms of defects brings little insight and no theoretical simplification for the understanding of the slowing down of relaxation, because of the strong frustration characterizing these systems. The possibility of a growing static(More)