Gilles T Pomier-Layrargues

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Increasing evidence suggests that manganese deposition is responsible for the T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal hyperintensity consistently observed in pallidum of cirrhotic patients. However, the relationship between blood manganese and the etiology or severity of liver disease, as well as the neurological symptomatology in these(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Manganese (Mn) deposition could be responsible for the T(1)-weighted magnetic resonance signal hyperintensities observed in cirrhotic patients. These experiments were designed to assess the regional specificity of the Mn increases as well as their relationship to portal-systemic shunting or hepatobiliary dysfunction. METHODS Mn(More)
UNLABELLED Failure of liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by transient elastography (TE, FibroScan) and unreliable results occur in ≈ 5% and 15% of patients, respectively, mainly due to obesity. In this multicenter study, we evaluated the feasibility and performance of the novel FibroScan XL probe in 276 patients with chronic liver disease (42% viral(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate tools for the noninvasive detection of hepatic steatosis are needed. The Controlled Attenuation Parameter (CAP) specifically targets liver steatosis using a process based on transient elastography. METHODS Patients with chronic liver disease and body mass index (BMI) ≥28 kg/m(2) underwent biopsy and liver stiffness measurement (LSM)(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS A 50% dysfunction rate at 1 year is one of the main drawbacks of the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt procedure. Preliminary experimental and clinical studies suggest that the use of stents covered with polytetrafluoroethylene could tremendously decrease this risk. METHODS Eighty patients with cirrhosis and uncontrolled(More)
BACKGROUND Portal systemic encephalopathy (PSE) is a complex neuropsychiatric syndrome associated with hepatic failure. Small scale studies have shown the benzodiazepine receptor antagonist flumazenil to be effective in ameliorating PSE. AIMS To determine the efficacy of flumazenil in patients with non-comatous mild to moderate PSE (stages I to III) due(More)
Previous reports have suggested that "endogenous" benzodiazepines could contribute to neural inhibition in hepatic encephalopathy. RO 15-1788 (flumazenil), a specific antagonist of brain benzodiazepine receptors, could thus reverse the neurological symptoms of hepatic encephalopathy. To test this possibility, we conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled(More)
The hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is related to vasoconstriction of the renal cortex induced by systemic hypovolemia that follows splanchnic vasodilatation as the primary event in the cascade of hemodynamic changes associated with portal hypertension. We evaluated the effects of octreotide, a splanchnic vasoconstrictor, on HRS in cirrhotic patients. We(More)
Objective:Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is used increasingly as a treatment for refractory ascites. The aim of the present study was to determine the prognostic value of different parameters in predicting a favorable evolution following TIPS in a cohort of 53 cirrhotic patients without organic renal disease and with refractory(More)
OBJECTIVE The purposes of this study were to evaluate the effect of a well-functioning transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) on the splanchnic and intrahepatic circulation, to determine if sonographic measurements can predict shunt dysfunction before clinical manifestations of portal hypertension occur, and to compare Doppler sonographic(More)