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The goal of this work is to perform a segmentation of atherosclerotic plaques in view of evaluating their burden and to provide boundaries for computing properties such as the plaque deformation and elasticity distribution (elastogram and modulogram). The echogenicity of a region of interest comprising the plaque, the vessel lumen, and the adventitia of the(More)
Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is a catheter based medical imaging technique particularly useful for studying atherosclerotic disease. It produces cross-sectional images of blood vessels that provide quantitative assessment of the vascular wall, information about the nature of atherosclerotic lesions as well as plaque shape and size. Automatic processing(More)
The goal of this work is to perform a segmentation of the intimamedia thickness (IMT) of carotid arteries in view of computing various dynamical properties of that tissue, such as the elasticity distribution (elastogram). The echogenicity of a region of interest comprising the intima-media layers, the lumen, and the adventitia in an ultrasonic B-mode image(More)
Changes in vessel wall elasticity may be indicative of vessel pathologies. It is known, for example, that the presence of plaque stiffens the vascular wall, and that the heterogeneity of its composition may lead to plaque rupture and thrombosis. Another domain of application where ultrasound elastography may be of interest is the study of vascular wall(More)
Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) produces images of arteries that show the lumen in addition to the layered structure of the vessel wall. A new automatic 3D IVUS fast-marching segmentation model is presented. The method is based on a combination of region and contour information, namely the gray level probability density functions (PDFs) of the vessel(More)
3D-ultrasound (US) imaging systems offer many advantages such as convenience, low operative costs and multiple scanning options. Most 3D-US freehand tracking systems are not optimally adapted for the quantification of lower limb arterial stenoses because their performance depends on the scanning length, on ferro-magnetic interferences or because they(More)
C-arm cone-beam computed tomography (CT) with a flat-panel detector represents the next generation of imaging technology available in the interventional radiology suite and is predicted to be the platform for many of the three-dimensional (3D) roadmapping and navigational tools that will emerge in parallel with its integration. The combination of current(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Planar angiograms and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging provide important insight for the evaluation of atherosclerotic diseases and blood flow abnormalities. The construction of realistic three-dimensional models is essential to efficiently follow the progression of arterial plaque. This requires an explicit localization of(More)
The purpose of this paper is to present the basic principles and relevant advances in the computational modeling of abdominal aortic aneurysms and endovascular aneurysm repair, providing the community with up-to-date state of the art in terms of numerical analysis and biomechanics. Frameworks describing the mechanical behavior of the aortic wall already(More)