Gilles Rival

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BACKGROUND Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is severely impaired in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We aimed to assess the effect of PAH-specific therapies on HRQoL. METHODS A literature search was performed in MEDLINE and Embase databases (January 1990 to September 2013) to retrieve prospective placebo-controlled randomized trials of at(More)
INTRODUCTION Among the various methods for improving oxygenation while decreasing the risk of ventilation-induced lung injury in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a ventilation strategy combining prone position (PP) and recruitment manoeuvres (RMs) can be practiced. We studied the effects on oxygenation of both RM and PP applied in(More)
INTRODUCTION Intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy, recommended for superficial bladder tumors, triggers side effects in fewer than 5% of patients. The most severe side effects, however, are septic shock and acute respiratory failure. CASE A 70-year-old man was hospitalized for septic shock with acute respiratory and renal failure after(More)
INTRODUCTION Acute lung injuries are usually found in intensive care unit. The diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) is the associated histological pattern and the most severe end-stage of the disease. Organizing pneumonia (OP), for which corticosteroids are the reference therapy, can mimic DAD. While postponing the response to treatment, to limit mechanical(More)
INTRODUCTION Constrictive pericarditis is associated with thickening, fibrosis or inflammation of the pericardium which can lead to signs of right ventricle dysfunction. It is usually a chronic process which can present in a variety of ways. We present two cases of constrictive pericarditis discovered during the investigation of a left-sided pleural(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of high-resolution chest computed tomography (HRCT) to distinguish hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) from other diffuse parenchymal lung diseases (DPLDs). METHODS We examined 130 consecutive patients admitted to our hospital with DPLDs proved by HRCT. Patients underwent clinical and paraclinical(More)
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