Gilles Renault

Learn More
To investigate the variations of oxidation-reduction status of fast- and slow-twitch muscles during intense contractions, we performed in situ NADH laser fluorimetry during 25-s tetanus in extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and in soleus (SOL) muscles of eight Sprague-Dawley rats anesthetized with pentobarbital sodium. At base line the compensated NADH(More)
Genetic studies have pointed out that CD226 variants, encoding DNAM-1, could be associated with susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis. Therefore, we aimed to determine the influence of DNAM-1 on the development of arthritis using the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mouse model. CIA was induced in mice on a DBA/1 background, treated in parallel with a(More)
Respiratory activity of the left ventricle of isolated perfused heart from rats with severe aortic constriction was examined by means of optical recording of intracellular redox changes. The speed of state-5-to-state-3 transition (recovery from short period of anoxia) was monitored fluorimetrically (PdN) and spectrophotometrically (cyt aa3). Three days(More)
OBJECTIVE Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most prevalent primary tumour of the liver. About a third of these tumours presents activating mutations of the β-catenin gene. The molecular pathogenesis of HCC has been elucidated, but mortality remains high, and new therapeutic approaches, including treatments based on microRNAs, are required. We aimed to(More)
Animal models are widely used in systemic sclerosis (SSc) research. We set out to determine whether ultrasonography (US) could be used to assess skin fibrosis in two complementary SSc-models: the bleomycin-induced dermal fibrosis model and the tight-skin 1 mouse model. Back skin thickness was measured using a high-frequency ultrasound dedicated to the small(More)
The aim of this study is to deliver genes in Achilles tendons using ultrasound and microbubbles. The rationale is to combine ultrasound-assisted delivery and the stimulation of protein expression induced by US. We found that mice tendons injected with 10 μg of plasmid encoding luciferase gene in the presence of 5×10⁵ BR14 microbubbles, exposed to US at 1(More)
OBJECTIVE Leukocyte infiltration in ischemic areas is a hallmark of myocardial infarction, and overwhelming infiltration of innate immune cells has been shown to promote adverse remodeling and cardiac rupture. Recruitment of inflammatory cells in the ischemic heart depends highly on the family of CC-chemokines and their receptors. Here, we hypothesized that(More)
Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion (RSA) is a frequent pathology affecting 1 to 5% of couples. In approximately 50 % of cases, the aetiology is unknown suggesting a subtle interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Previous attempts to describe genetic factors using the candidate gene approach have been relatively unsuccessful due to the(More)