Learn More
When inoculated subcutaneously, the infective larvae of L. sigmodontis undergo complete development and produce a patent microfilaraemia in mice of the BALB background (BALB/c, BALB/K and BALB/B, with respectively the H-2d, H-2k et H-2b haplotypes). The most susceptible strain is BALB/c with all mice harbouring adult filariae and 47% of mice presenting with(More)
Onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis (LF) are major causes of severe morbidity and considerable socio-economic problems throughout the tropics. Vector control and mass chemotherapy have helped to control these infections in some regions, but the temporary success of such measures argues strongly for the development of vaccines. Success in such a venture(More)
This study was performed with Litomosoides sigmodontis, the only filarial species which can develop from the infective larvae to the patent phase in immunocompetent laboratory BALB/c mice. Parasitological features and immune responses were analysed up to 3 months before and after challenge inoculation, by comparing 4 groups of mice: vaccinated challenged,(More)
The filaria Litomosoides sigmodontis, which develops a patent infection in BALB/c mice, was used to determine the fate of a challenge inoculum following immunization of mice with irradiation attenuated infective larvae (3 subcutaneous inoculations at weekly intervals with 25 L3 irradiated at 60 krad, and challenge with 25 L3 two weeks after the final(More)
Real-time recording technology was used in this study to analyse calling activity during heterosexual encounters in BALB/c mice. The spectrographic analyses revealed distinct types of calls that could be linked to a precise pre-ejaculatory behavioural sequence. In addition, the oestrous cycle of the female was observed to influence the vocalization emission(More)
Screening for human immunodeficiency viruses types 1 and 2 (HIV-1 and HIV-2) antibodies was carried out in the serum of 1,245 leprous patients and 5,731 controls selected in nine different centers from the Congo, Ivory Coast, Senegal, and Yemen Arab Republic. In Yemen, all sera were negative. In the Congo, the seropositivity among patients and controls was,(More)
In this study, a spectrographic analysis was designed to improve the description of the shape, the modulations, the rate, length and frequencies of BALB/c mouse calls in different behavioural situations. Male and female calls emitted during investigation of cages with clean bedding, soiled with male or female bedding, and during same-sex encounters, were(More)
The mites, Bdellonyssus bacoti, are engorged on rodents having 800 to 60,000 microfilarie/10 mm3 blood. Quantitation of L. galizai larval development shows that an additional blood meal improves development and that high microfilaremiae do not result in a proportional increase in the number of infective larvae. The first important stage of transmission(More)
The development of six filariae of the sub-family Onchocercinae-Litomosoides sigmodontis, Acanthocheilonema viteae, Molinema dessetae, Monanema martini, Brugia malayi, B. pahangi-was compared in rodents, following a single inoculation of a low or high dose of infective larvae. Analysis was done with 105 rodents dissected and 53 rodents fixed for(More)
Effects of ivermectin and moxidectin were compared on two filarial species: Monanema martini which presents dermal microfilariae and induces Onchocerca-like lesions in its natural murid host Lemniscomys striatus, and Litomosoides sigmodontis (= L. carinii). M. martini microfilariae showed an unusual resistance to ivermectin, in vitro and in vivo; moxidectin(More)