Gilles Petit

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When inoculated subcutaneously, the infective larvae of L. sigmodontis undergo complete development and produce a patent microfilaraemia in mice of the BALB background (BALB/c, BALB/K and BALB/B, with respectively the H-2d, H-2k et H-2b haplotypes). The most susceptible strain is BALB/c with all mice harbouring adult filariae and 47% of mice presenting with(More)
Onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis (LF) are major causes of severe morbidity and considerable socio-economic problems throughout the tropics. Vector control and mass chemotherapy have helped to control these infections in some regions, but the temporary success of such measures argues strongly for the development of vaccines. Success in such a venture(More)
This study was performed with Litomosoides sigmodontis, the only filarial species which can develop from the infective larvae to the patent phase in immunocompetent laboratory BALB/c mice. Parasitological features and immune responses were analysed up to 3 months before and after challenge inoculation, by comparing 4 groups of mice: vaccinated challenged,(More)
Real-time recording technology was used in this study to analyse calling activity during heterosexual encounters in BALB/c mice. The spectrographic analyses revealed distinct types of calls that could be linked to a precise pre-ejaculatory behavioural sequence. In addition, the oestrous cycle of the female was observed to influence the vocalization emission(More)
The development of the human filaria Loa loa (Dirofilariinae, Onchocercidae), previously studied in monkeys, was studied using the non permissive hosts-mice and jirds. The development proved to be rapid: moult 3 occurred on day 8 post-inoculation, the adult stage was reached on day 25 and measured at that time 3-3.5 mm in length. As in the other filarioids,(More)
The development of six filariae of the sub-family Onchocercinae-Litomosoides sigmodontis, Acanthocheilonema viteae, Molinema dessetae, Monanema martini, Brugia malayi, B. pahangi-was compared in rodents, following a single inoculation of a low or high dose of infective larvae. Analysis was done with 105 rodents dissected and 53 rodents fixed for(More)
The filaria Litomosoides sigmodontis, which develops a patent infection in BALB/c mice, was used to determine the fate of a challenge inoculum following immunization of mice with irradiation attenuated infective larvae (3 subcutaneous inoculations at weekly intervals with 25 L3 irradiated at 60 krad, and challenge with 25 L3 two weeks after the final(More)
Parasitologists have generally accepted the idea that parasite-induced alterations in host behavior increase the chance for parasite survival and transmission or ensure the completion of its life cycle. The aim of the present study was to investigate modifications in the behavior of Taenia crassiceps-infected BALB/c mice in the face of a predator. The(More)
BALB/c mice of both sexes were infected with a non-virulent strain of Plasmodium chabaudi chabaudi and any pathologies occurring in the urogenital tract and its accessory glands were investigated. Organs and tracts were removed from infected and control mice at 15, 40 and 100 days post-injection, weighed and processed for macroscopical and histological(More)
Effects of ivermectin and moxidectin were compared on two filarial species: Monanema martini which presents dermal microfilariae and induces Onchocerca-like lesions in its natural murid host Lemniscomys striatus, and Litomosoides sigmodontis (= L. carinii). M. martini microfilariae showed an unusual resistance to ivermectin, in vitro and in vivo; moxidectin(More)