Gilles Peltier

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Photosynthetic organisms are able to adjust to changing light conditions through state transitions, a process that involves the redistribution of light excitation energy between photosystem II (PSII) and photosystem I (PSI). Balancing of the light absorption capacity of these two photosystems is achieved through the reversible association of the major(More)
BACKGROUND When cultivated under stress conditions, many microalgae species accumulate both starch and oil (triacylglycerols). The model green microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii has recently emerged as a model to test genetic engineering or cultivation strategies aiming at increasing lipid yields for biodiesel production. Blocking starch synthesis has been(More)
Besides major photosynthetic complexes of oxygenic photosynthesis, new electron carriers have been identified in thylakoid membranes of higher plant chloroplasts. These minor components, located in the stroma lamellae, include a plastidial NAD(P)H dehydrogenase (NDH) complex and a plastid terminal plastoquinone oxidase (PTOX). The NDH complex, by reducing(More)
Cyclic electron flow around photosystem (PS) I has been widely described in vitro in chloroplasts or thylakoids isolated from C(3) plant leaves, but its occurrence in vivo is still a matter of debate. Photoacoustic spectroscopy and kinetic spectrophotometry were used to analyze cyclic PS I activity in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum cv Petit Havana) leaf discs(More)
The chloroplast NDH complex, NAD(P)H dehydrogenase, reduces the plastoquinone pool non-photochemically and is involved in cyclic electron flow around photosystem I (PSI). A transient increase in chlorophyll fluorescence after turning off actinic light is a result of NDH activity. We focused on this subtle change in chlorophyll fluorescence to isolate(More)
Chlororespiration has been defined as a respiratory electron transport chain in interaction with photosynthetic electron transport involving both non-photochemical reduction and oxidation of plastoquinones. Different enzymatic activities, including a plastid-encoded NADH dehydrogenase complex, have been reported to be involved in the non-photochemical(More)
The unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii possesses a [FeFe]-hydrogenase HydA1 (EC 1.12.7.2), which is coupled to the photosynthetic electron transport chain. Large amounts of H2 are produced in a light-dependent reaction for several days when C. reinhardtii cells are deprived of sulfur. Under these conditions, the cells drastically change their(More)
In Chlamydomonas reinhardtii mutants deficient in photosystem I because of inactivation of the chloroplast genes psaA or psaB, oxygen evolution from photosystem II occurs at significant rates and is coupled to a stimulation of oxygen uptake. Both activities can be simultaneously monitored by continuous mass spectrometry in the presence of (18)O(2). The(More)
Under sulfur deprivation conditions, the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii produces hydrogen in the light in a sustainable manner thanks to the contribution of two pathways, direct and indirect. In the direct pathway, photosystem II (PSII) supplies electrons to hydrogenase through the photosynthetic electron transport chain, while in the indirect(More)
In higher plants, the Ndh complex reduces plastoquinones and is involved in cyclic electron flow around photosystem I, supplying extra-ATP for photosynthesis, particularly under environmental stress conditions. Based on plastid genome sequences, the Ndh complex would contain 11 subunits (NDH-A to -K), but homologies with bacterial complex indicate the(More)