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BACKGROUND Activated recombinant coagulation factor VII (rFVIIa) effectively prevents and controls bleeding in patients with coagulopathy. Data show that rFVIIa may reduce blood loss and eliminate the need for transfusion in patients with normal haemostasis undergoing major surgery. We assessed the efficacy of rFVIIa in patients with normal haemostasis(More)
A peptide (C13) corresponding to the last 13 amino acids of the carboxyl terminus of human platelet factor IV was found to be antibacterial. Amino acid substitutions predicted to disrupt either the amphipathic or alpha-helical nature of C13 rendered the peptide inactive. Antibacterial activity was demonstrated in normal human serum on bacteria which had(More)
We produced human monoclonal antibody that demonstrated specific reactivity to the K1 capsule of Escherichia coli and the group B polysaccharide of Neisseria meningitidis. The antibody was nonreactive with several strains of K1- E. coli and other gram-negative bacteria. All E. coli K1 clinical isolates tested were reactive with the antibody. When assayed(More)
Group B streptococcal (GBS) infections cause significant mortality and morbidity among infants. Passive antibody immunotherapy has been proposed as treatment for infected infants. To this end, two human mAb-secreting cell lines were produced by EBV immortalization of human B cells. The mAbs were specific for the group B polysaccharide and bound to strains(More)
The influence of valence and heavy chain on antibody activity was investigated using transfectoma-derived, class-switched IgG1 and IgM human monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) reactive with the bacterial pathogens Escherichia coli K1 and group B Streptococcus species. IgG-IgM pairs were compared in vitro for antigen binding and opsonic activities and in vivo for(More)
Human IgG1 mAb dimers specific for either group B streptococci or Escherichia coli K1 bacteria were formed using chemical cross-linkers. The effect of antibody valency on biologic efficacy was investigated by comparing the IgG dimers against the corresponding IgG monomers. Binding activity and relative avidity were assessed using Ag binding and competition(More)
Custom-made monoclonal anti-idiotype antibodies (anti-Id MoAbs) have been tested as a treatment modality in 34 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) patients. Partial or complete tumor remissions have been induced with this treatment in 68% of these patients. One mechanism by which anti-idiotype antibodies may have induced these tumor responses is via a direct(More)