Gilles Lebuffe

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BACKGROUND Monitoring left ventricular preload is critical to achieve adequate fluid resuscitation in patients with hypotension and sepsis. This prospective study tested the correlation of the pulmonary artery occlusion pressure, the left ventricular end-diastolic area index measured by transesophageal echocardiography, the arterial systolic pressure(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO) are implicated in induction of ischemic preconditioning. However, the relationship between these oxidant signals and opening of the mitochondrial ATP-dependent potassium (K(ATP)) channel during early preconditioning is not fully understood. We observed preconditioning protection by hypoxia, exogenous(More)
BACKGROUND Preoperative measurement of hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) is not performed routinely before hepatectomy in patients with cirrhosis, although it has been suggested to be useful. This study investigated whether preoperative HVPG values and indirect criteria of portal hypertension (PHT) predict the postoperative course in these patients.(More)
BACKGROUND Morbidity after oesophageal cancer surgery remains high, mainly due to major postoperative pulmonary complications (MPPCs). The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that hybrid minimally invasive oesophagectomy (HMIO) decreases the 30-day MPPC rate without compromising oncological outcomes. METHODS Consecutive patients undergoing(More)
The present work examined the hypothesis that brain ischemic tolerance induced by ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is triggered by an initial oxidative stress and is associated with an increase in antioxidant enzyme activities as one end-effector of the neuroprotection. Wistar rats were preconditioned by a single 3-min occlusion of the middle cerebral artery.(More)
BACKGROUND The use of regional anaesthesia in thyroid surgery remains controversial. This double-blind, randomized controlled study was conducted to evaluate the analgesic efficacy of bilateral superficial cervical plexus block (BSCPB) performed under general anaesthesia in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy. METHODS Eighty-seven consecutive(More)
BACKGROUND Prevalence of obesity is increasing internationally. Obesity is also incriminated in the development of postoperative rhabdomyolysis (RML). Its major risk is the development of renal failure which is associated with high mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors for RML in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate potential predictors of fluid responsiveness obtained during major hepatic surgery. The predictors studied were invasive monitoring of intravascular pressures (radial and pulmonary artery catheter), including direct measurement of respiratory variation in arterial pulse pressure (PPVart), transoesophageal(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a prospective cohort study to assess the acceptability, feasibility and safety of day-case laparoscopic fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease in an university-based tertiary care center. METHODS The procedure was proposed as routine for patients with proven symptomatic uncomplicated gastroesophageal reflux disease(More)
BACKGROUND Preoperative oral gabapentin has been shown to reduce postoperative pain. However, the effects of gabapentin as an adjunct to regional anesthesia is unclear and its effects on chronic pain remains unknown. In patients undergoing thyroidectomy, we investigated the effects on early and late (at 6 mo) postoperative pain of preoperative oral(More)