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It is difficult to identify genes that predispose to prostate cancer due to late age at diagnosis, presence of phenocopies within high-risk pedigrees and genetic complexity. A genome-wide scan of large, high-risk pedigrees from Utah has provided evidence for linkage to a locus on chromosome 17p. We carried out positional cloning and mutation screening(More)
Two human 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17 beta-HSD) genes (h17 beta-HSDI and h17 beta-HSDII) included in tandem within an approximately 13 kilobase pair fragment were isolated from a genomic lambda EMBL3 DNA library using cDNA encoding human 17 beta-HSD (hpE2DH216) as probe. We have determined the complete exon and intron sequences of the two genes(More)
The lactose transport protein (LacS) of Streptococcus thermophilus was amplified to levels as high as 8 and 30% of total membrane protein in Escherichia coli and S. thermophilus, respectively. In both organisms the protein was functional and the expression levels were highest with the streptococcal lacS promoter. Also a LacS deletion mutant, lacking the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE In clinical settings with fixed resources allocated to predictive genetic testing for high-risk cancer predisposition genes, optimal strategies for mutation screening programmes are critically important. These depend on the mutation spectrum found in the population under consideration and the frequency of mutations detected as a(More)
Human placenta estradiol 17 beta-dehydrogenase (E2DH) cDNA clones were isolated from a lambda gt11 expression library by screening with 33 mer synthetic oligonucleotides derived from the amino acid sequence of the catalytic site of E2DH and with polyclonal antibodies raised against the enzyme purified from human placenta. Using 32P-labeled fragments from(More)
The best known activity of steroid 5 alpha-reductase is the transformation of testosterone into dihydrotestosterone, the most potent androgen. Two types of human steroid 5 alpha-reductase cDNAs and the type I gene have previously been isolated and characterized. This report describes the isolation and characterization of the human type II 5 alpha-reductase(More)
Polyclonal antibodies raised against 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase isolated from human placenta were used to screen a lambda gt11 expression cDNA library from the same tissue. The protein deduced from cDNA sequences contains 372 amino acids with a calculated mol wt of 42,216. Since 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase is the enzyme catalyzing the(More)
The effects of chemical modifications of the Na+-H+ antiport in Escherichia coli have been analyzed by studying the resulting variations of the energy-dependent, downhill Na+ efflux from membrane vesicles. The histidyl reagent diethylpyrocarbonate (EtO)2C2O3 prevents the activation of the Na+ efflux mechanism by delta microH+ or its components. Inactivation(More)
The interaction of dodecyl maltoside with lipids was investigated through the studies of solubilization and reconstitution processes. The solubilization of large unilamellar liposomes was analyzed through changes in turbidity and cryo-transmission electron microscopy. Solubilization was well described by the three-stage model previously reported for other(More)