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Brucella is an intracellular pathogen able to persist for long periods of time within the host and establish a chronic disease. We show that soon after Brucella inoculation in intestinal loops, dendritic cells from ileal Peyer's patches become infected and constitute a cell target for this pathogen. In vitro, we found that Brucella replicates within(More)
Geraniol is a bioactive component found in Palmarosa essential oil which has previously demonstrated good repellence to cattle ticks, mosquitoes and sand flies. The toxicity of geraniol to Dermanyssus gallinae, the most economically deleterious ectoparasite of laying hens in Europe, was studied in vitro in the laboratory. Exposure of D. gallinae to 0.5, 1(More)
We have described previously the isolation and characterization of five distinct subpopulations of tumor cells from a single spontaneous strain BALB/cfC3H mouse mammary tumor (Cancer Res., 38: 3174--3181, 3758--3763, 1978). Subpopulations 68H and 4.10 are polygonal and grow in epithelioid patterns in vitro, whereas subpopulations 66, 67, and 168 are(More)
To study the relation between the form of an Ag and the response to it, we compared presentation in vitro with hen egg lysozyme (HEL)-specific T cells from TCR transgenic mice of free HEL and liposome-encapsulated HEL by different APC. HEL-specific splenic B cells or bone marrow-derived dendritic cells were incubated with free HEL or HEL-containing(More)
BACKGROUND The pathophysiology of chronic ocular allergic disease is not well understood. An eosinophil infiltrate is characteristic of such disease and eosinophil activity can be related to disease severity and to keratopathy, the most serious complication. Recently, eosinophils have been shown capable of cytokine production, particularly in allergic(More)
PURPOSE To compare cell types and cytokines in aqueous humor from patients with uveitis either occurring in association with a systemic disease or apparently isolated and not associated with a systemic disease. METHODS Cells were collected by centrifugation of fresh aqueous humor from uveitis and controls, and immunofluorescence techniques were performed(More)
BACKGROUND Activated CD4+ T cells, mast cells and eosinophils are the main cytokine-producing cell-types infiltrating the conjunctiva during chronic allergic eye diseases. Interactions between these cells are thought to play an important immunopathogenic role in these disorders (giant papillary conjunctivitis; vernal keratoconjunctivitis; atopic(More)
The lipopolysaccharides (LPS) of intracellular Proteobacteria such as Brucella, Chlamydia, Legionella and Rickettsia, have properties distinct from enterobacterial LPSs. These properties include deficient LPS induction of host cell activation, low endotoxicity and resistance to macrophage degradation. Together these constitute key virulence mechanisms for(More)
Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) of certain configuration have been shown to be effective clinically in promoting the healing of fracture nonunions and are believed to enhance calcification of extracellular matrix. In vitro studies have suggested that PEMFs may also have the effect of modifying the extracellular matrix by promoting the synthesis of(More)
Intermediate uveitis (IU) and Fuchs' heterochromic cyclitis (FHC) are two chronic ocular inflammatory disorders. They differ considerably in ocular morbidity, which is higher in IU. T cell lines were derived from the vitreous humour (VH) and peripheral blood (PB) of 10 patients with IU and four patients with FHC. There was a predominance of CD8+ in all the(More)