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Most peptides are generally insufficiently permeable to be used as oral drugs. Designing peptides with improved permeability without reliable permeability monitoring is a challenge. We have developed a supercritical fluid chromatography technique for peptides, termed EPSA, which is shown here to enable improved permeability design. Through assessing the(More)
A supercritical fluid chromatography method was developed for the detection of intramolecular hydrogen bonds in pharmaceutically relevant molecules. The identification of compounds likely to form intramolecular hydrogen bonds is an important drug design consideration given the correlation of intramolecular hydrogen bonding with increased membrane(More)
Due to pressure from combinatorial chemistry and the streamlining of the drug discovery process through automated high-throughput screening technologies, pharmaceutically based natural products programs are under increasing scrutiny. However by taking advantages of technologies originally developed for high-throughput screening and combinatorial chemistry(More)
The c-MET receptor tyrosine kinase is an attractive oncology target because of its critical role in human oncogenesis and tumor progression. An oxindole hydrazide hit 6 was identified during a c-MET HTS campaign and subsequently demonstrated to have an unusual degree of selectivity against a broad array of other kinases. The cocrystal structure of the(More)
This study demonstrates that ΔlogP(oct-tol) (difference between logP(octanol) and logP(toluene)) describes compounds propensity to form intramolecular hydrogen bonds (IMHB) and may be considered a privileged molecular descriptor for use in drug discovery and for prediction of IMHB in drug candidates. We identified experimental protocols for acquiring(More)
Oxytocin (OT) is a peptide hormone agonist of the OT receptor (OTR) that plays an important role in social behaviors such as pair bonding, maternal bonding and trust. The pharmaceutical development of OT as an oral peptide therapeutic has been hindered historically by its unfavorable physicochemical properties, including molecular weight, polarity and(More)
The deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate pools are undetectable in vitamin B-12-deficient cells of Euglena gracillis, but appear rapidly after the replenishment with the vitamin. They reach a maximum size that is about 6 times that of normal exponentially growing cells, but decrease to almost zero as the cells divide. The pools expand again during the(More)
The effect of peptide-to-peptoid substitutions on the passive membrane permeability of an N-methylated cyclic hexapeptide is examined. In general, substitutions maintained permeability but increased conformational heterogeneity. Diversification with nonproteinogenic side chains increased permeability up to 3-fold. Additionally, the conformational impact of(More)
Inducing α-helicity through side-chain cross-linking is a strategy that has been pursued to improve peptide conformational rigidity and bio-availability. Here we describe the preparation of small peptides tethered to chiral sulfoxide-containing macrocyclic rings. Furthermore, a study of structure-activity relationships (SARs) disclosed properties with(More)
In ongoing studies towards novel hepatitis C virus (HCV) therapeutics, inhibitors of nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) were evaluated. Specifically, starting from previously reported lead compounds, peripheral substitution patterns of a series of biaryl-linked pyrrolidine NS5A replication complex inhibitors were probed and structure-activity relationships(More)