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Landscape genetics is a new discipline that aims to provide information on how landscape and environmental features influence population genetic structure. The first key step of landscape genetics is the spatial detection and location of genetic discontinuities between populations. However, efficient methods for achieving this task are lacking. In this(More)
UNLABELLED We introduce a new algorithm to account for the presence of null alleles in inferences of populations clusters from individual multilocus genetic data. We show by simulations that the presence of null alleles can affect the accuracy of inferences if not properly accounted for and that our algorithm improve signficantly their accuracy. (More)
MOTIVATION This article considers the problem of estimating population genetic subdivision from multilocus genotype data. A model is considered to make use of genotypes and possibly of spatial coordinates of sampled individuals. A particular attention is paid to the case of low genetic differentiation with the help of a previously described Bayesian(More)
MOTIVATION In a series of recent papers, Tess, a computer program based on the concept of hidden Markov random field, has been proposed to infer the number and locations of panmictic population units from the genotypes and spatial locations of these individuals. The method seems to be of broad appeal as it is conceptually much simpler than other competing(More)
Many models for inference of population genetic parameters are based on the assumption that the data set at hand consists of groups displaying within-group Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium at individual loci and linkage equilibrium between loci. This assumption is commonly violated by the presence of within-group spatial structure arising from nonrandom mating of(More)
BACKGROUND Despite several thousands of years of close contacts, there are genetic differences between the neighbouring countries of Finland and Sweden. Within Finland, signs of an east-west duality have been observed, whereas the population structure within Sweden has been suggested to be more subtle. With a fine-scale substructure like this, inferring the(More)
BACKGROUND The ascertainment process of molecular markers amounts to disregard loci carrying alleles with low frequencies. This can result in strong biases in inferences under population genetics models if not properly taken into account by the inference algorithm. Attempting to model this censoring process in view of making inference of population(More)
Comparison of gene expression for two groups of individuals form an important subclass of microarray experiments. We study multivariate procedures, in particular use of Hotelling's T2 for discrimination between the groups with a special emphasis on methods based on few genes only. We apply the methods to data from an experiment with a group of atopic(More)
MOTIVATION Large-scale genotype datasets can help track the dispersal patterns of epidemiological outbreaks and predict the geographic origins of individuals. Such genetically-based geographic assignments also show a range of possible applications in forensics for profiling both victims and criminals, and in wildlife management, where poaching hotspot areas(More)
TESS is a Bayesian clustering program for population genetic analyses which assumes K max clusters and computes posterior estimates for membership coefficients or admixture proportions by updating spatially explicit prior distributions (Chen et al., 2007; François et al., 2006). Version 2.1 of the program was released in January 2009 (Durand et al., 2009a,(More)