Gilles Guillon

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Oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP) mediate their biological actions by acting on four known receptors: The OT (uterine) and the AVP V(1a) (vasopressor), V(1b) (pituitary), V(2) (renal) receptors and a fifth putative AVP V(1c)? (vasodilating) receptor. This presentation will summarize some highlights of the recent progress, in the design and synthesis of(More)
The steroid hormone progesterone (P4) is essential for establishing and maintaining pregnancy in mammals. One of its functions includes maintenance of uterine quiescence by decreasing uterine sensitivity to the uterotonic peptide hormone oxytocin. Although it is generally held that steroid hormones such as P4 act at a genomic level by binding to nuclear(More)
(2S,4R)-1-[5-Chloro-1-[(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)sulfonyl]-3-(2-methoxy-phenyl)-2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indol-3-yl]-4-hydroxy-N,N-dimethyl-2-pyrrolidine carboxamide (SSR149415), the first selective, nonpeptide vasopressin V1b receptor antagonist yet described, has been characterized in vitro and in vivo. SSR149415 showed competitive nanomolar affinity for animal(More)
We recently reviewed the status of peptide and nonpeptide agonists and antagonists for the V(1a), V(1b) and V(2) receptors for arginine vasopressin (AVP) and the oxytocin receptor for oxytocin (OT). In the present review, we update the status of peptides and nonpeptides as: (i) research tools and (ii) therapeutic agents. We also present our recent findings(More)
Agonist-induced intracellular calcium signals may propagate as intercellular Ca2+ waves in multicellular systems as well as in intact organs. The mechanisms initiating intercellular Ca2+ waves in one cell and determining their direction are unknown. We investigated these mechanisms directly on fura2-loaded multicellular systems of rat hepatocytes and on(More)
SR 121463A, a potent and selective, orally active, nonpeptide vasopressin V2 receptor antagonist, has been characterized in several in vitro and in vivo models. This compound displayed highly competitive and selective affinity for V2 receptors in rat, bovine and human kidney (0.6 < or = Ki [nM] < or = 4.1). In this latter preparation, SR 121463A potently(More)
The ligand specificity of rat adenohypophyseal vasopressin receptors was directly compared to that of peripheral receptors of the V1 and V2 types. For this purpose a series of 15 recently designed vasopressin antagonists was used. The affinities of these antagonists for rat adenohypophyseal membranes were deduced from the determination of the(More)
To date, there are no vasopressin (VP) agonists that exhibit a high affinity and selectivity for the VP V1b receptor with respect to the V1a, V2, and oxytocin receptors. In this study, we describe the synthesis and pharmacological properties of [1-deamino-4-cyclohexylalanine] arginine vasopressin (d[Cha4]AVP). Binding experiments performed on various(More)
By activating three distinct vasopressin receptor isoforms called V1a-R, V1b-R (V3-R) and V2-R, vasopressin (VP) mediates a wide number of biological effects in mammals and may be involved in several pathological states. Up to now only specific V1a and V2 receptor agonists and antagonists have been successfully designed. The role of the V1b-R still remains(More)
In this study, we investigated the mechanism by which a peptide mimicking the third cytoplasmic loop of the vasopressin V2 receptor inhibits signaling. This loop was synthesized as a cyclic peptide (i3 cyc) that adopted defined secondary structure in solution. We found that i3 cyc inhibited the adenylyl cyclase activity induced by vasopressin or a(More)