Gilles Guihard

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We have investigated the mechanism responsible for mitochondria permeabilization occurring during cell apoptosis. We have developed an in vivo model of apoptotic rat liver. Mitochondria appeared as an homogenous population in control liver. On the contrary, mitochondria varied in size, morphology, and the matrical density in apoptotic liver. Mitochondria(More)
Spectrofluorimetric measurements were conducted to quantify, in real-time, membrane permeability changes resulting from the treatment of Sf9 insect cells (Spodoptera frugiperda, Lepidoptera) with different Bacillus thuringiensis Cry insecticidal proteins. Coumarin-derived CD222 and Merocyanin-540 probes were respectively used to monitor extracellular K(+)(More)
OBJECTIVES The KCNQ1 gene encodes the KvLQT1 potassium channel, which generates in the human heart the slow component of the cardiac delayed rectifier current, I(Ks). Mutations in KCNQ1 are the most frequent cause of the congenital long QT syndrome. We have previously cloned a cardiac KCNQ1 human isoform, which exerts a strong dominant-negative effect on(More)
BACKGROUND Efficient gene delivery by synthetic vectors is a major challenge in gene therapy. However, inefficient nuclear delivery of cDNA is thought to be a major limiting step in gene transfer using non-viral vectors. It is commonly thought that, in the cytosol, cDNA has to be released from its vector before importation to the nucleus. The stability of(More)
Mutations in the SCN5A gene can lead to the Brugada syndrome, a genetically inherited form of idiopathic ventricular fibrillation that has a characteristic ECG phenotype usually restricted to precordial leads V1-V3. We identified a novel G752R SCN5A missense mutation leading to various degrees of the Brugada ECG phenotype in members of a French family. In(More)
The nuclear envelope is composed of two membranes deliminating a perinuclear space which displays functional properties similar to those of a Ca2+-storing compartment. ATP-driven Ca2+ uptake and InsP3-induced Ca2+ release processes have been described in isolated nuclei. Recently, it was reported that cADP-ribose and InsP3 can trigger a nucleoplasmic Ca2+(More)
To analyze the involvement of structured water (bound to macromolecules) in apoptosis-induced mitochondrial outer-membrane permeability, we compared the dynamics of water protons from nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) data in apoptotic liver mitochondria with that of control mitochondria incubated in vitro with free Ca(2+) (opening of the permeability(More)
Nuclear ionic channels (NICs) represent ubiquitous structures of living cells, although little is known about their functional properties and encoding genes. To characterize NICs, liver nuclear membrane vesicles were reconstituted into either planar lipid bilayers or proteoliposomes. Reconstitution of nuclear envelope (NE) vesicles into planar lipid bilayer(More)
Bacillus thuringiensis Cry toxins are efficient, environment-friendly biological insecticides. Their molecular mode of action on target insect cells remains largely unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between the conformational state of the Cry1C toxin and its ionophoric activity on live Sf9 cells of Spodoptera frugiperda, a(More)
Biophysical properties of ROMK2 channel were investigated at physiological temperature, after reexpression of the recombinant ROMK2 protein in a mammalian cell expression system (COS-7). We observed that ROMK2 induced an inwardly rectifying K(+) current whether polyvalent cations were present or not. Above +10 mV, ROMK2-induced current exhibited a voltage-(More)