Gilles Guihard

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Nuclear ionic channels (NICs) represent ubiquitous structures of living cells, although little is known about their functional properties and encoding genes. To characterize NICs, liver nuclear membrane vesicles were reconstituted into either planar lipid bilayers or proteoliposomes. Reconstitution of nuclear envelope (NE) vesicles into planar lipid bilayer(More)
To analyze the involvement of structured water (bound to macromolecules) in apoptosis-induced mitochondrial outer-membrane permeability, we compared the dynamics of water protons from nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) data in apoptotic liver mitochondria with that of control mitochondria incubated in vitro with free Ca(2+) (opening of the permeability(More)
BACKGROUND Efficient gene delivery by synthetic vectors is a major challenge in gene therapy. However, inefficient nuclear delivery of cDNA is thought to be a major limiting step in gene transfer using non-viral vectors. It is commonly thought that, in the cytosol, cDNA has to be released from its vector before importation to the nucleus. The stability of(More)
We have investigated the mechanism responsible for mitochondria permeabilization occurring during cell apoptosis. We have developed an in vivo model of apoptotic rat liver. Mitochondria appeared as an homogenous population in control liver. On the contrary, mitochondria varied in size, morphology, and the matrical density in apoptotic liver. Mitochondria(More)
Spectrofluorimetric measurements were conducted to quantify, in real-time, membrane permeability changes resulting from the treatment of Sf9 insect cells (Spodoptera frugiperda, Lepidoptera) with different Bacillus thuringiensis Cry insecticidal proteins. Coumarin-derived CD222 and Merocyanin-540 probes were respectively used to monitor extracellular K+ and(More)
Gramicidin D and alamethicin are pore-forming peptides which exhibit lethal properties against a large spectrum of cells. Despite a wealth of experimental data from artificial membranes, the time course and quantitative analysis of the activity of these ionophores are not well described in living cells. In the present study, the newly described fluorescent(More)
Mutations in the SCN5A gene can lead to the Brugada syndrome, a genetically inherited form of idiopathic ventricular fibrillation that has a characteristic ECG phenotype usually restricted to precordial leads V1-V3. We identified a novel G752R SCN5A missense mutation leading to various degrees of the Brugada ECG phenotype in members of a French family. In(More)
OBJECTIVES The KCNQ1 gene encodes the KvLQT1 potassium channel, which generates in the human heart the slow component of the cardiac delayed rectifier current, I(Ks). Mutations in KCNQ1 are the most frequent cause of the congenital long QT syndrome. We have previously cloned a cardiac KCNQ1 human isoform, which exerts a strong dominant-negative effect on(More)
The human Kv1.6K(+) channel was functionally re-expressed in COS-7 cells at different levels. Voltage-activated K(+) currents are recorded upon cell membrane depolarization independently of the level of Kv1.6 expression. The current acquires a fast inactivation when Kv1.6 expression is increased. Inactivation was not affected by divalent cations or by(More)
The nuclear envelope is composed of two membranes deliminating a perinuclear space which displays functional properties similar to those of a Ca2+-storing compartment. ATP-driven Ca2+ uptake and InsP3-induced Ca2+ release processes have been described in isolated nuclei. Recently, it was reported that cADP-ribose and InsP3 can trigger a nucleoplasmic Ca2+(More)