Gilles Guichard

Learn More
BACKGROUND Emerging evidences suggest that nucleolin expressed on the cell surface is implicated in growth of tumor cells and angiogenesis. Nucleolin is one of the major proteins of the nucleolus, but it is also expressed on the cell surface where is serves as a binding protein for variety of ligands implicated in cell proliferation, differentiation,(More)
Ongoing clinical trials are exploring anticancer approaches based on signaling by TRAIL, a ligand for the cell death receptors DR4 and DR5. In this study, we report on the selective apoptotic effects of multivalent DR5 binding peptides (TRAIL(mim/DR5)) on cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Surface plasmon resonance revealed up to several thousand-fold(More)
T cells recognize self and nonself peptides presented by molecules of the MHC. Amino acid substitutions in the antigenic peptide showed that T cell specificity is highly degenerate. Recently, determination of the crystal structure of several TCR/MHC-peptide complexes suggested that the peptide backbone may significantly contribute to the interaction with(More)
The C3-symmetric molecule has been previously shown to mimic CD40 ligand (CD40L) homotrimers and to display effector functions. This molecule consists of a cyclic hexapeptide core containing the repetition of the D-Ala-L-Lys motif. The side chains of the lysine residues have been modified by appending the CD40L-derived sequence 143Lys-Gly-Tyr-Tyr146 via a(More)
Examination of local folding and H-bonding patterns in model compounds can be extremely informative to gain insight into the propensity of longer-chain oligomers to adopt specific folding patterns (i.e. foldamers) based on remote interactions. Using a combination of experimental techniques (i.e. X-ray diffraction, FT-IR absorption and NMR spectroscopy) and(More)
We studied by native ESI-MS the binding of various DNA-polymerase-derived peptides onto DNA-polymerase processivity rings from Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. These homodimeric rings present two equivalent specific binding sites, which leads to successive formation during a titration experiment of singly- and doubly(More)
TRAIL induces selective tumor cell death through TRAIL-R1 and TRAIL-R2. Despite the fact that these receptors share high structural homologies, induction of apoptosis upon ER stress, cell autonomous motility and invasion have solely been described to occur through TRAIL-R2. Using the TALEN gene-editing approach, we show that TRAIL-R1 can also induce(More)
APO2L/TRAIL (TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand) induces death of tumor cells through two agonist receptors, TRAIL-R1 and TRAIL-R2. We demonstrate here that N-linked glycosylation (N-glyc) plays also an important regulatory role for TRAIL-R1-mediated and mouse TRAIL receptor (mTRAIL-R)-mediated apoptosis, but not for TRAIL-R2, which is devoid of(More)
We report here the efficient in situ iodination of tyrosine-type side-chains located within a foldamer helix bundle, permitting structure determination using single-wavelength anomalous diffraction (SAD) methods. We suggest that this simple method may be of use to those engaged in structural foldamer research as a potential solution to the phase problem.