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A new isoform of the human estrogen receptor-alpha (hER-alpha) has been identified and characterized. This 46 kDa isoform (hERalpha46) lacks the N-terminal 173 amino acids present in the previously characterized 66 kDa isoform (hERalpha66). hERalpha46 is encoded by a new class of hER-alpha transcript that lacks the first coding exon (exon 1A) of the(More)
The transcriptional activity of ERalpha (or NR3A1) after binding of ligand is mediated through synergistic action between activation functions (AFs) AF-1 and AF-2 and the transcriptional machinery. This is functionally achieved by bridging coactivators such as CEBP binding protein/p300 and members of the p160 subfamily such as steroid receptor coactivator(More)
The teleost fish are thought to lack the mineralocorticoid hormone aldosterone but possess mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) homologs. Here we describe the characterization of two rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) MRs, called rtMRa and rtMRb. The open reading frame of rtMRa cDNA encoded a protein of 1041 amino acids. The rtMRb predicted protein sequence is(More)
A characteristic of all estrogen receptors (ER) cloned from fish to date is the lack of the first 37-42 N-terminal amino acids specific to the A domain. Here we report the isolation and characterization from trout ovary of a full-length complementary DNA (cDNA) clone encoding an N-terminal variant form of the rainbow trout ER (rtER). Sequence analysis of(More)
Testicular descent corresponds to migration of the testis from the abdominal cavity to the scrotum and is essential for proper functioning of the testis. Recent advances in the characterization of estrogen receptor (ESR) subtypes and isoforms in various tissues prompted us to study ESRs within the gubernaculum testis, a structure involved in testicular(More)
Rainbow trout hepatocyte primary culture was used to test the influence of some xenobiotics on the expression of two genes implicated in reproduction, those for the estrogen implicated in reproduction, those for the estrogen receptor (ER) and vitellogenin (Vg). We showed that chlordecone, nonylphenol, a polychlorobiphenol (PCB) mixture (Aroclor 1245) and(More)
The human estrogen receptor-alpha (hER alpha) gene is a complex genomic unit exhibiting alternative splicing and promoter usage in a tissue-specific manner. During the investigation of new hER alpha mRNA variants by rapid amplification of 5' cDNA ends, we identified a cDNA in which the acceptor site of exon 1A, into which the different leader exons are(More)
Estrogen receptor (ER) and vitellogenin (Vg) gene expression are strongly up-regulated by estrogens in rainbow trout liver. In this paper, we have used primary cultured hepatocytes to examine the mechanisms implicated in estrogen regulation of ER and Vg gene expression. Treatment of hepatocytes with 1 microM estradiol (E2) led to a rapid increase in ER and(More)
The beneficial influence of E2 in the maintenance of healthy bone is well recognized. However, the way in which the actions of this hormone are mediated is less clearly understood. Western blot analysis of ERalpha in osteoblasts clearly demonstrated that the well characterized 66-kDa ERalpha was only one of the ERalpha isoforms present. Here we describe a(More)
We describe here an in vitro technique to assess the estrogenic activity of chemicals. This technique is based on rainbow trout hepatocytes incubated in a basic medium free of any additional growth factors or estrogenic chemicals and uses the production of vitellogenin (VTG) as a marker for the estrogenic potency of the compounds tested. The system allows(More)