Gilles Flouriot

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The teleost fish are thought to lack the mineralocorticoid hormone aldosterone but possess mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) homologs. Here we describe the characterization of two rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) MRs, called rtMRa and rtMRb. The open reading frame of rtMRa cDNA encoded a protein of 1041 amino acids. The rtMRb predicted protein sequence is(More)
A new isoform of the human estrogen receptor-alpha (hER-alpha) has been identified and characterized. This 46 kDa isoform (hERalpha46) lacks the N-terminal 173 amino acids present in the previously characterized 66 kDa isoform (hERalpha66). hERalpha46 is encoded by a new class of hER-alpha transcript that lacks the first coding exon (exon 1A) of the(More)
The transcriptional activity of ERalpha (or NR3A1) after binding of ligand is mediated through synergistic action between activation functions (AFs) AF-1 and AF-2 and the transcriptional machinery. This is functionally achieved by bridging coactivators such as CEBP binding protein/p300 and members of the p160 subfamily such as steroid receptor coactivator(More)
Rainbow trout hepatocyte primary culture was used to test the influence of some xenobiotics on the expression of two genes implicated in reproduction, those for the estrogen implicated in reproduction, those for the estrogen receptor (ER) and vitellogenin (Vg). We showed that chlordecone, nonylphenol, a polychlorobiphenol (PCB) mixture (Aroclor 1245) and(More)
The isolation and characterization of several new human estrogen receptor-alpha (hERalpha) mRNAs are described. Together with those previously identified, they give rise to a total of six hERalpha mRNA isoforms (A-F hERalpha mRNAs). Produced from a single hERalpha gene by multiple promoter usage, all these transcripts encode a common protein but differ in(More)
We describe here an in vitro technique to assess the estrogenic activity of chemicals. This technique is based on rainbow trout hepatocytes incubated in a basic medium free of any additional growth factors or estrogenic chemicals and uses the production of vitellogenin (VTG) as a marker for the estrogenic potency of the compounds tested. The system allows(More)
Testicular descent corresponds to migration of the testis from the abdominal cavity to the scrotum and is essential for proper functioning of the testis. Recent advances in the characterization of estrogen receptor (ESR) subtypes and isoforms in various tissues prompted us to study ESRs within the gubernaculum testis, a structure involved in testicular(More)
Estrogen receptor (ER) and vitellogenin (Vg) gene expression are strongly up-regulated by estrogens in rainbow trout liver. In this paper, we have used primary cultured hepatocytes to examine the mechanisms implicated in estrogen regulation of ER and Vg gene expression. Treatment of hepatocytes with 1 microM estradiol (E2) led to a rapid increase in ER and(More)
An aggregate culture system for rainbow trout hepatocytes was developed to study liver-specific mRNA expression. Maintenance of differentiated functions and morphology of hepatocytes were examined using both monolayer and aggregate systems. The rainbow trout estrogen receptor and vitellogenin genes were induced by estradiol and their mRNAs used as markers(More)
The isolation of five new mouse estrogen receptor alpha mRNA variants (mERalpha A, B, F1, F2 and H) is described. All of these transcripts are generated by alternative splicing and all encode the 66 kDa ERalpha protein that the previously identified mRNA C variant generates. However, these transcripts differ in their 5' untranslated regions. RT-PCR and S1(More)