Gilles Dumortier

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Poloxamer 407 copolymer (ethylene oxide and propylene oxide blocks) shows thermoreversible properties, which is of the utmost interest in optimising drug formulation (fluid state at room temperature facilitating administration and gel state above sol–gel transition temperature at body temperature promoting prolonged release of pharmacological agents).(More)
BACKGROUND Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has become a therapeutic tool in psychiatric diseases. METHODOLOGY The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of TMS in unipolar depression: the percentage of responders (>50% HDRS reduction) and remission (HDRS score < or =8, after four weeks of active TMS treatment in depressed patients free of any(More)
Concerning the instability of ATP liposomes formulated to easily diffuse through the liver (size approximately 100 nm), this work targets the key parameters that influence the freeze-drying of a preparation that combines cholesterol, DOTAP and phosphatidylcholine (either natural soybean or egg (SPC or EPC) or hydrogenated (HSPC)). After freeze-drying blank(More)
The pharmacological use of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), although promising, is restricted due to poor cellular penetration and drastic hydrolysis that is markedly accelerated in vivo by ectoenzymes. In the literature, liposomes have proven efficient in offering a physical barrier to extracellular enzymes and favor penetration into cells. First, this review(More)
An original ligand (Lac-10-Chol) designed to interact with asialoglycoprotein receptors to potentially target hepatocyte was synthesised by grafting a lactose head to a cholesteryl structure, which was then included in liposomes. Preliminary formulation tests led to the selection of conventional formulations based on soybean(More)
This article displays different procedures used to collect lachrymal fluid and describes some of its applications. Sampling tears represents the main difficulty to produce precise and reproducible results. The direct sampling procedure consists in collecting tears with capillary tubes and has the drawback of demanding previous stimulation that induces major(More)
Thermosensitive hydrogels developed for buccal delivery of salbutamol were prepared using poloxamer analogs (Kolliphor(®) P407/P188), xanthan gum (Satiaxane(®) UCX930) and NaCl. P188 increased gelation temperature (Tsol-gel) by 2.5-5°C, micellization temperature (<1°C) and gelation time by >3s. To obtain a suitable Tsol-gel at 28-34°C, P407 and P188(More)
Liposomal entrapment of L-cysteine (L-CySH) could be a solution to enhance its oxidative stability and its intracellular bioavailability for glutathione (GSH) synthesis. This study addresses the influence of different factors (i.e. pH value (6.3 vs 7.4), antioxidant agents (EDTA or tocopherol (TO and nature of phosphatidylcholine (PC) (Soybean PC (SPC) vs(More)
Energetic failure which occurs in both ischemia/reperfusion and acute drug-induced hepatotoxicity is frequently associated with oxidative stress. This study displays the setting of a new cell culture model for hepatic energetic failure, i.e., HepG2 models modified by etomoxir [ETO] addition [0.1 mM to 1 mM] and compares the cell impact versus(More)