Gilles D. Leroux

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Benzoic (BEN) and cinnamic (CIN) acids are commonly found in soils and are considered as strong allelochemicals. Published information suggest that BEN and CIN and other phenolic acids decrease plant growth in part by suppressing nutrient absorption. However, studies on the mechanism of action were not conclusive. We examined the effects of BEN and CIN on(More)
Organic acids are major water-soluble allelochemicals found in soil infested with quackgrass and are involved in several processes that are important in plant growth and development. This study was carried out to gain more information on the effects of benzoic acid (BEN) andtrans-cinnamic acid (CIN) on growth, mineral composition, and chlorophyll content of(More)
Seed proteins of individual plants from 14 populations ofStriga hermonthica growing on sorghum, millet, maize and wild grasses in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger were studied using gel electrophoresis in order to assess the population structure and genetic diversity of the parasitic weed. The relative intensity of the different bands within a pattern was used(More)
Thirty-two wethers were used to compare the nutritive value of Climax timothy (Phleum pratense L.) and quackgrass (Agropyron repens L. Beauv.) harvested at two stages of maturity, joint and early heading, and fed as hay. Crude protein was higher for quackgrass than for timothy (P less than .01). As maturity advanced, CP decreased (P less than .01), but NDF(More)
In mice, natural resistance or susceptibility to infection with Mycobacteria, Salmonella, and Leishmania is controlled by a gene named Bcg. Bcg regulates the capacity of macrophages to limit intracellular replication of the ingested parasites, and is believed to regulate a key bactericidal mechanism of this cell. Recently, we have cloned the Bcg gene and(More)
Real-time spot spraying of weed patches requires the development of sensors for the automatic detection of weeds within a crop. In this context, the potential of UV-induced fluorescence of green plants for corn-weed discrimination was evaluated. A total of 1 440 spectral signatures of fluorescence were recorded in a greenhouse from three plant groups (four(More)
The nature of the protocorm of theOrchidaceae has fascinated morphologists for more than a century. In the present study, the development of the protocorm was followed using in vitro germination of seeds on a culture medium containing sugar, but without a symbiont. Inside the seed, the embryo consists of about a hundred cells. In the embryo, cells are(More)
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