Gilles Charpigny

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In this study we investigated the expression of the two cyclooxygenases, cox-1 and -2, in sheep uterine tissues during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy. We identified the cox-2 isoform in the ovine uterus by Western blot and demonstrated that the two cyclooxygenases exhibited different patterns of expression. Cox-1 was expressed at steady state levels(More)
The mechanisms that lead to the onset of human parturition are still unknown, although selected critical factors have been identified. To investigate the changes in myometrial gene expression associated with parturition, we used two macroarrays each containing 1176 different complementary human cDNA clones. Methods involving hierarchical clustering and(More)
Following hatching, pre-elongated conceptuses undergo elongation by intense proliferation, until implantation. We investigated the changes in gene expression associated with these physiological events using human cDNA arrays containing 2370 known genes. Comparison of pre-elongated, elongated, and implanting trophoblasts allowed the determination of 313(More)
This study documents the expression of prostacyclin (PGI2) synthase (PTGIS) and PGI2 receptors in the trophoblast and uterus of the ewe at the time of maternal recognition of pregnancy (i.e. days 7, 9, 12, 14 and 17). The membrane receptor for PGI2 (PTGIR) and the nuclear receptors, i.e. peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) and their(More)
In the present study, we investigated the ability of human fetal membranes (amnion and choriodecidua) to regulate human maternal uterine cell functions through the secretion of surfactant protein (SP)-A and SP-D at the end of pregnancy. We detected the expression of both SP-A (SP-A1 and SP-A2) and SP-D by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain(More)
It is established that the conceptus-endometrium dialogue involves cytokines, growth factors and hormones. Given the crucial functions of the suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) family proteins in cytokine signalling, we analyzed the expression and the regulation of CIS and SOCSs 1-3 transcripts during early pregnancy in the ovine endometrium. An(More)
BACKGROUND Studies on the human myometrium have reported on different microarrays containing different sets of genes or ESTs. However each study profiled only a small number of patients due to various constraints. More profiling information would be an addition to our knowledge base of parturition. METHODS We compiled from five human studies,(More)
Eicosanoids are metabolites of arachidonic acid produced by cyclooxygenases (COXs) or lipoxygenases (LOXs). They mediate inflammation and mucus secretion in chronic pulmonary inflammatory diseases. The gel-forming mucin MUC5AC is over-expressed in the airways of patients with these diseases. MUC5AC expression is mediated by an extracellular signal-regulated(More)
Secretion of interferon tau (IFN tau) by trophoblastic tissue has been shown to be the first embryonic signal for pregnancy recognition. Therefore we tried to derive biologically active trophoblastic tissue by in vitro techniques. Since conventional in vitro conditions for bovine embryo development were not sufficient for long-term culture, we tested more(More)
Prematurity affects 11% of the births and is the main cause of infant mortality. On the opposite case, the failure of induction of parturition in the case of delayed spontaneous birth is associated with fetal suffering. Both conditions are associated with precocious and/or delayed cervical ripening. Quantitative and objective information about the temporal(More)