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In this study we investigated expression of the two isoforms of the prostaglandin-forming enzyme, cyclooxygenase-1 (Cox-1) and cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2), in sheep embryos. Using Western blot and immunohistochemical analyses, we demonstrated that Cox-2 was highly expressed in embryos from Day 8 to Day 17 of development whereas Cox-1 was undetectable during(More)
In this study we investigated the expression of the two cyclooxygenases, cox-1 and -2, in sheep uterine tissues during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy. We identified the cox-2 isoform in the ovine uterus by Western blot and demonstrated that the two cyclooxygenases exhibited different patterns of expression. Cox-1 was expressed at steady state levels(More)
We investigated the lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) pathway during early pregnancy in sheep. LPA was detected in the uteri of early-stage pregnant ewes. Using quantitative RT-PCR, the expression of autotaxin, the LPA-generating enzyme, was found in the endometrium and conceptus. In the latter autotaxin, transcript levels were low on d 12-14 and increased on d(More)
The present study investigated the expression of genes and proteins associated with PGF2alpha biosynthesis, catabolism, and transport in matched amnion and choriodecidua of human term placenta. The concentration of PGF2alpha within fetal membranes depends on the balance between complex enzymatic systems responsible for, respectively, its synthesis-by(More)
The main sulfated proteins secreted by rabbit mammary gland tissue had M(r) of approximately 67 000, 63 000 and 23 000, and one component which most likely corresponded to proteoglycans had a diffuse electrophoretic mobility (M(r)200 000). The sulfate groups in the 67-63 kDa proteins were mostly linked to carbohydrates. These proteins and the 23 kDa protein(More)
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) may play a major role in embryo development and the establishment of pregnancy in cattle. The biosynthesis of PGE2 implies the sequential transformation of arachidonic acid to PGH2 by cyclooxygenases (COXs), then the conversion of PGH2 to PGE2 by prostaglandin E synthases (PGESs). Quantitative RT-PCR was used to examine the(More)
In the present study, we examined the lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) pathway in the ovine uterus during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy. With the use of quantitative reverse transcription PCR, expression of LPAR1 and LPAR3 was analyzed. Both receptors were present in the ovine uterus. Immunolocalization showed that LPAR1 was mainly present in the stroma(More)
The mechanisms that lead to the onset of human parturition are still unknown, although selected critical factors have been identified. To investigate the changes in myometrial gene expression associated with parturition, we used two macroarrays each containing 1176 different complementary human cDNA clones. Methods involving hierarchical clustering and(More)
Mitochondria have a broad range of functions that affect reproduction, and structural as well as quantitative variation in mtDNA has been associated with gamete quality and reproductive success. To investigate the mitochondria effect on in vitro embryo production, we collected oocytes by ultrasound-guided follicular aspiration from donor cows known to(More)
This review considers the potential reduction of embryo mortality in vitro and in vivo in ruminants. Data on cytokines provided by different fields of reproductive immunology and biology were collated. Because of the crucial importance of the local interactions between the embryo and its dam, the expression of growth-factor and cytokine genes was analysed(More)