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In neurons, voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels and nuclear Ca(2+) signaling play important roles, such as in the regulation of gene expression. However, the link between electrical activity and biochemical cascade activation involved in the generation of the nuclear Ca(2+) signaling is poorly understood. Here we show that depolarization of Aplysia neurons(More)
Many physiological processes are controlled by a great diversity of Ca2+ signals. Within cell, Ca2+ signals depend upon Ca2+ entry and/or Ca2+ release from internal Ca2+ stores. The control of Ca2+-store mobilization is ensured by a family of messengers comprising inositol 1,4,5 trisphosphate, cyclic ADP-ribose and nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide(More)
It remains unclear how different intracellular stores could interact and be recruited by Ca(2+)-releasing messengers to generate agonist-specific Ca(2+) signatures. In addition, refilling of acidic stores such as lysosomes and secretory granules occurs through endocytosis, but this has never been investigated with regard to specific Ca(2+) signatures. In(More)
In this position paper we propose a new approach to provide online in-vivo recordings of organ activity in real time and to overcome three major shortcuts of currently used invasive glucose sensors. In the context of diabetes, standard glucosensors recognize only glucose, whereas circulating lipids as well as amino acids are known to increase the demand in(More)
Synchrotron radiation X-ray scattering experiments were performed on unmyelinated pike olfactory nerves. The difference between the meridional and the equatorial traces of the 2-D spectra yielded the 1-D equatorial intensity of the macromolecular components oriented with respect to the nerve: axonal membranes, microtubules and other cytoskeletal filaments.(More)
The effects of several agents, sugars, isotonic KCl, and a variety of drugs, on the structure of the axonal membranes of unmyelinated pike olfactory nerve have been studied by synchrotron radiation X-ray scattering experiments. The main effects of the sugars are: (i) to increase the electron density of the extra-axonal space and thereby yield the absolute(More)
The aim of this work was to elicit correlations between physical structure and physiological functions in excitable membranes. Freshly dissected pike olfactory nerves were studied by synchrotron radiation X-ray scattering experiments and their physiological properties were tested by electrophysiological techniques. The scattering spectra contained a sharply(More)
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