Gilles Charpentier

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Protein phosphorylation by protein kinase C (PKC) has recently been shown to be a key event in the induction of the slow inward Na current observed during sustained depolarization of the Xenopus oocyte membrane. The present work investigates the possible pathways leading to PKC activation. PKC is activated by a series of phospholipid metabolites, such as(More)
Masculinizing effect of testes on developing rat ovaries was shown in vitro by culturing testes from 17.5-day-old fetuses in contact with female genital tracts from 14.5-day-old rat fetuses. The testes induced the differentiation of epithelial cells staining for cytokeratin in the ovarian blastema. These cells formed seminiferous cord-like structures(More)
In neurons, voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels and nuclear Ca(2+) signaling play important roles, such as in the regulation of gene expression. However, the link between electrical activity and biochemical cascade activation involved in the generation of the nuclear Ca(2+) signaling is poorly understood. Here we show that depolarization of Aplysia neurons(More)
The replication of Nodamura virus, type species of the familyNodaviridae, takes place principally into the interfibrillar spaces of the sarcoplasm in close association with mitochondria in the infected muscles of bothG. mellonella and suckling mice. The most striking event in infection ofG. mellonella muscle cells was the aggregation and shape modification(More)
The membrane of immature Xenopus oocytes is known to possess a peculiar type of sodium channels, which are not activatable unless the membrane has been depolarized for some time. Once induced by a long-lasting depolarization, the channels behave like voltage-dependent channels, but they slowly activate and apparently do not inactivate. In addition, these(More)
The slow inward Na current observed during sustained depolarization of the Xenopus oocyte membrane is due to a complex mechanism described as the induction of the channels. The present work investigates the role of protein phosphorylation in Na channel function. Injection of alkaline phosphatase in the oocytes decreased inward current. Therefore, the(More)
To determine whether anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is responsible for the gonadal anomalies observed in bovine female "freemartins" united by placental anastomosis to a male twin, fetal rat and ovine prospective ovaries were exposed to purified bovine AMH in organ culture. We show that AMH reproduces the caracteristical "freemartin effect"; namely the(More)
Sustained depolarization of the Xenopus oocyte membrane elicits a slowly activating Na+ current, thought to be due to the opening of sodium selective channels. These channels are induced to become voltage gated by the depolarization. They show unconventional gating properties and are insensitive to tetrodotoxin (TTX). The present study was undertaken to(More)
An unusual inward current which is slowly elicited in the Xenopus oocyte membrane during sustained depolarization is reportedly carried by Na+. It is thought that Na+ selective channels are in some way induced to become voltage-sensitive by the depolarization. Earlier studies report that the induction process involves a phospholipase C and a protein kinase(More)
The pathogenesis and morphogenesis of the Nodamura virus, an insect picornavirus which can also infect vertebrates such as newborn mice, are described in the larvae ofG. mellonella. Examination of thin sections of muscle, salivary and moulting glands, hemocytes, adipose tissue and hypodermis of the infected larvae ofG. mellonella shows in the cytoplasm the(More)