Gilles Caillé

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A new gas chromatographic method was developed for the quantification of levamisole in human plasma and urine, using a nitrogen-phosphorus flame ionization detector. The adsorption of the drug onto glass was prevented by treating the glassware with a siliconizing agent. The sensitivity of the assay was 10 ng ml-1 and as low as 2 ng ml-1 can be detected in(More)
Diltiazem (DTZ) is a calcium channel blocker widely used in the treatment of angina and hypertension. DTZ undergoes extensive metabolism yielding several metabolites, some of which are active like N-desmethyldiltiazem (MA), desacetyldiltiazem (M1) and N-desmethyl,desacetyldiltiazem (M2). Due to the nature of its biotransformation, several organs should have(More)
Acute oral pretreatment of rats with isopropanol or acetone results in a dose-related potentiation of CCl4 hepatotoxicity. Minimally effective doses (MED) and noneffective doses (NED) of both agents were estimated to be 0.25 and 0.10 ml/kg, respectively. Six MED given twice a day over 3 d caused a greater potentiation than a single MED, but not as much as(More)
Although transdermal nicotine patches have been studied extensively under recommended conditions, the present studies were designed to assess the nicotine plasma levels and the safety of transdermal nicotine patches in smokers undergoing situations suspected to result in increased nicotine plasma levels. The first study examined the effects of increasing(More)
The effects of sucralfate on the rate and extent of absorption of ketoprofen, indomethacin, and naproxen were investigated in healthy volunteers. Six volunteers each received sucralfate (2 g) half an hour before a ketoprofen (50 mg) capsule, and, on another occasion, a ketoprofen (50 mg) capsule alone according to a 2 X 2 Latin square pattern of(More)
This paper describes a simple technique for extraction and a sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic method for separation and quantitation of ondansetron in human plasma. The procedure involved liquid-liquid extraction of ondansetron from plasma, reversed-phase HPLC separation and ultraviolet detection at 305 nm. The internal standard method was(More)
Preliminary reports suggested that the addition of lithium carbonate to the regimen of patients treated with, but not responding to, a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) drug can induce a rapid alleviation of depression. We examined the effect of lithium carbonate addition in 39 patients with unipolar depression whose conditions were not improved by at least(More)
The influence of single and multiple oral doses of ondansetron, a selective 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, was evaluated against placebo on cholecystokinin tetrapeptide (CCK-4)-induced behavioral and neuroendocrine changes in humans. As compared to placebo, subjects receiving acute ondansetron treatment showed a significant decrease in the sum intensity of(More)
The fate of trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole and the combination of both these agents was studied in a group of healthy pregnant women who were undergoing therapeutic abortion. Assays were performed on samples of blood, urine, amniotic fluid and fetal tissues, using a standardized protocol for the selection of patients, dose administration, sample(More)
In young healthy volunteers diltiazem does not have linear kinetics between single and multiple doses. Elimination half-life increases and gives AUC’s and Cmax higher than those predicted from single dose data. Kinetics of diltiazem were assessed in 16 healthy elderly after a single 60mg dose and in 24 healthy elderly after 60 mg every 8 h for 7 days.(More)