Gilla K. Shapiro

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The purpose of this study was to investigate apnea–hypopnea index (AHI) across two polysomnographies (PSGs) to examine AHI variability and impact on clinical diagnosis. Two-night PSGs of 193 sleep clinic patients were reviewed, and the AHI variability was analyzed. Anonymized records from five patients with significant night-to-night AHI variability were(More)
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is an effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Consistent adherence to CPAP improves the patient’s longevity and quality of life as well as public safety. However, nonadherence is a significant contributor to the growing burden of untreated OSAS, and is associated with negative consequences(More)
OBJECTIVE The objectives of the study were to investigate the effects of mirtazapine, a sedating antidepressant, on driving safety in major depressive disorder (MDD) patients and to observe the effect of mirtazapine on daytime alertness. METHOD Twenty-eight patients who met the DSM-IV criteria for MDD completed the study in a university teaching hospital.(More)
Religion plays a significant role in a patient’s bioethical decision to have an abortion as well as in a country’s abortion policy. Nevertheless, a holistic understanding of the Islamic position remains under-researched. This study first conducted a detailed and systematic analysis of Islam’s position towards abortion through examining the most(More)
Co-responding police-mental health programs are increasingly used to respond to ‘Emotionally Disturbed Persons’ in the community; however, there is limited understanding of program effectiveness and the mechanisms that promote program success. The academic and gray literature on co-responding police-mental health programs was reviewed. This review(More)
OBJECTIVE Cannabis is a widely used substance that may be becoming more socially accepted, legally tolerated, and utilized by younger individuals. This review explores the relationship between cannabis and the onset of psychosis as well as the policy ramifications of current research. METHOD This article synthesizes published work that was considered by(More)
There has been some concern among parents and in the media that vaccinating children against human papillomavirus could be seen as giving children permission to engage in risky sexual behaviors (also known as sexual disinhibition). Several studies have found this concern to be unfounded but there have been no attempts to synthesize the relevant studies in(More)
As the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is now recommended for males, a reliable, comprehensive HPV knowledge measurement tool which addresses issues relevant to males is needed. We aimed to replicate, validate and test the comprehensiveness of an existing general HPV and an HPV vaccination knowledge scale in English and French. We also measured parental(More)
BACKGROUND Parents' human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination decision-making is strongly influenced by their attitudes and beliefs toward vaccination. To date, psychometrically evaluated HPV vaccination attitudes scales have been narrow in their range of measured beliefs and often limited to attitudes surrounding female HPV vaccination. The study aimed to(More)