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Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains that are resistant to an increasing number of second-line drugs used to treat multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) are becoming a threat to public health worldwide. We surveyed the Network of Supranational Reference Laboratories for M. tuberculosis isolates that were resistant to second-line anti-TB drugs during(More)
The species identification within Mycobacterium terrae complex has been known to be very difficult. In this study, the genomic diversity of M. terrae complex with eighteen clinical isolates, which were initially identified as M. terrae complex by phenotypic method, was investigated, including that of three type strains (M. terrae, M. nonchromogenicum, and(More)
The nucleotide sequences (604 bp) of partial heat-shock protein genes (hsp65) from 161 Mycobacterium strains containing 56 reference Mycobacterium species and 105 clinical isolates were determined and compared. hsp65 sequence analysis showed a higher degree of divergence between Mycobacterium species than did 16S rRNA gene analysis. Generally, the topology(More)
Resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to ethambutol (EMB) has been assigned to an operon, embCAB, which has been proposed to be a structural gene for mycobacterial arabinosyl transferases. Recently, genetic events resulting in structural mutations at embB have been proposed as major contributors to the EMB-resistance of isolates whose minimum inhibitory(More)
Sequence analysis of a specific region of the mycobacterium rpoB gene in 35 mycobacterial strains representing 26 different mycobacterial species of clinical importance showed that there exists a highly polymorphic region. Based on the sequences of the polymorphic region, the oligonucleotide probes of 14 mycobacterial species with relatively high clinical(More)
A method based on PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis (PRA) using a novel region of the hsp65 gene was developed for the rapid and exact identification of mycobacteria to the species level. A 644 bp region of hsp65 in 62 mycobacteria reference strains, and 4 related bacterial strains were amplified, and the amplified DNAs were subsequently(More)
In Korea, the Mycobacterium tuberculosis K-strain is the most prevalent clinical isolates and belongs to the Beijing family. In this study, we conducted comparative porteomics of expressed proteins of clinical isolates of the K-strain with H37Rv, H37Ra as well as the vaccine strain of Mycobacterium bovis BCG following phagocytosis by the human monocytic(More)
Purified protein derivative (PPD) has served as a safe and effective diagnostic reagent for 60 years and is the only broadly available material to diagnose latent tuberculosis infections. This reagent is also used as a standard control for a number of in vitro immunological assays. Nevertheless, the molecular composition and specific products that(More)
Mycobacterium kansasii is one of the most common cause of pulmonary diseases due to nontuberculous mycobacteria. We investigated the changing in the number of isolation of M. kansasii and the clinical characteristics of M. kansasii pulmonary disease in Korea. Through searching the database of the Korean Institute of Tuberculosis, we identified the cases of(More)
Here we describe a novel duplex PCR method which can differentiate Mycobacterium tuberculosis and nontuberculosis mycobacteria (NTM) strains by amplifying hsp65 DNAs of different sizes (195 and 515 bp, respectively). The devised technique was applied to 54 reference and 170 clinical isolates and differentiated all strains into their respective groups with(More)