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OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of regularly supplying free fluoride toothpaste regularly to children, initially aged 12 months, and living in deprived areas of the north west of England on the level of caries in the deciduous dentition at 5-6 years of age. A further aim was to compare the effectiveness of a programme using a toothpaste containing 440 ppmF(More)
The Questionnaire of Smoking Urges (QSU) was designed to measure cravings elicited by abstinence from cigarette smoking. In the present study, the sensitivity of the QSU both to brief periods of abstinence and to exposure to smoking-related cues was investigated. A progressive ratio (PR) operant procedure was also employed, in which behaviour was maintained(More)
Repeated perturbations, both biotic and abiotic, can lead to fundamental changes in the nature of ecosystems, including changes in state. Sagebrush steppe communities provide important habitat for wildlife and grazing for livestock. Fire is an integral part of these systems, but there is concern that increased ignition frequencies and invasive species are(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effectiveness of triclosan/copolymer and fluoride dentifrices in improving plaque control and gingival health. SEARCH STRATEGY We searched the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, MEDLINE (1986 to March 2003) and EMBASE (1986 to March 2003). Personal files and the reference lists of all articles were checked for further studies.(More)
We have conducted a prospective comparison of 155 rheumatoid patients and 95 control subjects. Both groups were selected without regard to respiratory status, but were comparable in age, sex and smoking experience. The prevalence of respiratory symptoms, of past respiratory illnesses and of pulmonary function findings of airway obstruction was similar in(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare levels of caries experience in children attending schools in Wirral that have a fluoridated milk programme with children in a similar community which does not have a fluoridated milk programme. STUDY DESIGN A cross sectional study measuring caries experience in first permanent molars. Children were examined on an 'intention to treat'(More)
We compared respiratory variables in 441 grain elevator workers with 180 civic outside laborers in Thunder Bay. The grain handlers had a lower frequency of both positive skin reactions to pollens and molds and a family history of asthma, which suggests that they may have been self-selected for a decreased tendency to develop allergic respiratory disease.(More)