Gildas Guéret

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OBJECTIVE Critical illness polyneuromyopathy has been extensively studied in various animal models regarding electrophysiological aspects or molecular mechanisms involved in its physiopathology; however, little data are available on its main clinical feature, that is, muscular weakness. We have studied the effects of chronic sepsis in rats with special(More)
BACKGROUND Acid-base derangements can be interpreted using the Stewart-Fencl approach, which includes calculation of the apparent strong ion difference (SID(app)), the effective SID (SID(eff)), and the strong ion gap (SIG). These calculations require the measurement of several variables. We hypothesized that the SID and SIG calculated by different analyzers(More)
Experiments were performed in vivo and in vitro to date the onset of hepatic CYP2C isoforms and CYP2C-dependent activities during the perinatal period in humans. Proteins were not detected by immunoblotting in fetal livers and developed in the first few weeks after birth, irrespective of the gestational age at birth. Similarly, the hydroxylation of(More)
OBJECTIVE Physiopathology of critical illness polyneuromyopathy was investigated in several animal-based models. Electrophysiologic approach was achieved in denervated and corticosteroid-induced myopathy; other models based on sepsis or inflammatory factors (zymosan, cytokines) were also used but did not consider voltage-gated sodium channel implication in(More)
Sepsis is involved in the decrease of membrane excitability of skeletal muscle, leading to polyneuromyopathy. This effect is mediated by alterations of the properties of voltage-gated sodium channels (Na(V)), but the exact mechanism is still unknown. The aim of the present study was to check whether tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), a cytokine released during(More)
BACKGROUND Acute renal dysfunction (ARD) is common after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). CPB results in a sudden systemic inflammatory response. Systemic and local pro-inflammatory cytokines synthesis has been linked with sub-clinical renal injury, especially tubular lesions. Therefore, we sought to assess the systemic synthesis(More)
BACKGROUND In March 2008, a new multiwavelength pulse oximeter, the Radical 7 (Rad7; Masimo Corp., Irvine, CA), was developed that offers noninvasive measurement of hemoglobin concentration. Accuracy has been established in healthy adults and some surgical patients, but not in cardiac surgery intensive care patients, a group at high risk of postoperative(More)
The aim of this synthesis was to give recommendations on the use of jet-ventilation during ENT surgical and endoscopy procedures. Literature was collected from PUBMED and analysed by the members of French association of anaesthesiologists in ENT surgery, all skilled in this field. Presentation of these recommendations was given during the general assembly(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The objective of the study was to assess the safety of training fibre-optic intubation performed under propofol light general anaesthesia in patients with an anticipated difficult intubation. METHODS Patients with ear, nose and throat cancer having at least two criteria for anticipated difficult intubation and scheduled for(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare cardiac output measurements of the non-invasive cardiac output and the pulmonary artery catheter during repeat surgery for hip replacement. METHODS In this prospective observational study, patients undergoing repeat hip surgery who needed a pulmonary artery catheter were included. A standard protocol was(More)