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BACKGROUND Data of abortion incidence and trends are needed to monitor progress toward improvement of maternal health and access to family planning. To date, estimates of safe and unsafe abortion worldwide have only been made for 1995 and 2003. METHODS We used the standard WHO definition of unsafe abortions. Safe abortion estimates were based largely on(More)
©2007 Guttmacher Institute, a not-for-profit corporation advancing sexual and reproductive health worldwide through research, policy analysis and public education. All rights, including translation into other languages, are reserved under the Universal Copyright Convention, the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works and the(More)
CONTEXT Assessments of abortion levels and trends by women's age at termination can be used to monitor trends in unintended pregnancy by age and can inform relevant programs and policies. METHODS Legal abortion incidence data were compiled from national statistical offices and nationally representative surveys of more than 40 countries where legal(More)
Unintended pregnancy can carry serious consequences for women and their families. We estimate the incidence of pregnancy by intention status and outcome at worldwide, regional, and subregional levels for 2008, and we assess recent trends since 1995. Numbers of births are based on United Nations estimates. Induced abortions are estimated by projecting from(More)
BACKGROUND Information on incidence of induced abortion is crucial for identifying policy and programmatic needs aimed at reducing unintended pregnancy. Because unsafe abortion is a cause of maternal morbidity and mortality, measures of its incidence are also important for monitoring progress towards Millennium Development Goal 5. We present new worldwide(More)
CONTEXT Periodic assessments of abortion incidence are essential for monitoring trends in unintended pregnancy and gaps in contraceptive services and use. METHODS Statistics and estimates of legal induced abortions in 2008 were compiled for 64 of the 77 countries in which legal abortion is generally available; these 64 are home to 98% of women aged 15-44(More)
Periodic estimation of the incidence of global unintended pregnancy can help demonstrate the need for and impact of family planning programs. We draw upon multiple sources of data to estimate pregnancy incidence by intention status and outcome at worldwide, regional, and subregional levels in 2012 and to assess recent trends using previously published(More)
The surveys could not have been fielded successfully without the participation and hard work of the field supervisors and interviewers, who are listed on the inside back cover. Assistance from the following colleagues facilitated the successful development and implementation of the surveys that are the basis for this report: Executive Summary ■ To have only(More)
PURPOSE To examine pregnancy rates and outcomes (births and abortions) among 15- to 19-year olds and 10- to 14-year olds in all countries for which recent information could be obtained and to examine trends since the mid-1990s. METHODS Information was obtained from countries' vital statistics reports and the United Nations Statistics Division for most(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the association of HIV-1 disease progression with pregnancy and live birth incidence in a cohort of HIV-1-positive women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and to identify other determinants of fertility in this population. DESIGN AND METHODS Clinic-based prospective cohort study of HIV-1-infected women followed for up to 6 years and Cox(More)