Gilda H. Loew

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A model of cytochrome P450 2B4, which was constructed by homology modeling with the four known crystal structures of the cytochromes P450 (Chang, T.-T., Stiffelman, O. B., Vakser, I. A., Loew, G. H., Bridges, A., and Waskell, L. (1997) Protein Eng. 10, 119-129), was used to select amino acids predicted, by computer docking studies and numerous previous(More)
To explore behavioral selectivity as a consequence of multiple receptor subtypes, four benzodiazepine receptor ligands, flunitrazepam, CGS 9896, zolpidem, and AHR 11797, were tested at five in vivo endpoints: anticonvulsant action, anxiolysis/anxiogenesis as determined in the plus-maze test, locomotor activity, changes in food consumption, and hypothermia.(More)
Like benzodiazepines receptor (BDZR) ligands, 3 alpha-hydroxylated, 5 alpha, or 5 beta pregnane steroids are sedative, anticonvulsant, and anxiolytic. BDZR ligands also modulate the feeding response. Therefore, in this study we have investigated the effects of four 3 alpha-hydroxylated pregnane steroids-Pregnanolone (3 alpha-hydroxy-5 beta-pregnan-20-one),(More)
The hydroxylations of d-camphor, norcamphor, pericyclocamphanone, and 5,5-difluorocamphor by cytochrome P-450cam have been examined using theoretical methods to identify and characterize properties which determine product specificity. Experimental results indicate that each molecule is hydroxylated with quite different regio-specificity when metabolized by(More)
Receptor binding assays using [3H]DAGO ([D-Ala2,MePhe4-Gly5-ol]enkephalin) (mu), [3H]DPDPE ([D-Pen2,D-Pen5]enkephalin) (delta) and [3H]U-69593 (kappa) were done in guinea pig whole brain membranes. Agonist activity was determined in norbinaltorphimine or beta-funaltrexamine (beta-FNA) treated guinea pig ileum (mu and kappa, respectively) and(More)
Refined 3D models of the transmembrane domains of the cloned delta, mu and kappa opioid receptors belonging to the superfamily of G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) were constructed from a multiple sequence alignment using the alpha carbon template of rhodopsin recently reported. Other key steps in the procedure were relaxation of the 3D helix bundle by(More)
Eight compounds that bind to the benzodiazepine binding site on the gamma-amino butyric acid(A) (GABA(A)) receptor were assessed for their influence on contextual memory, an aspect of memory affected in various cognitive disorders including Alzheimer's disease. Using a Pavlovian fear-conditioning paradigm, each ligand was evaluated in C57Bl/6 mice in(More)
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations at 37 degrees C have been performed on three phospholipid bilayer systems composed of the lipids DLPE, DOPE, and DOPC. The model used included 24 explicit lipid molecules and explicit waters of solvation in the polar head group regions, together with constant-pressure periodic boundary conditions in three dimensions.(More)
A model for the 3D structure of the transmembrane domain of the delta opioid receptor was predicted from the sequence divergence analysis of 42 sequences of G-protein coupled peptide hormone receptors belonging to the opioid, somatostatin and angiotensin receptor families. No template was used in the prediction steps, which include multiple sequence(More)
A three-dimensional structural model of rabbit phenobarbital-inducible cytochrome P450 2B4 (LM2) was constructed by homology modeling techniques previously developed for building and evaluating a 3D model of the cytochrome P450choP isozyme. Four templates with known crystal structures including cytochrome P450cam, terp, BM-3 and eryF were used in multiple(More)