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Brazilian plant extracts belonging to 16 species of 5 different families (71 extracts) were tested against the stable DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate) free-radical. The ability to scavenge DPPH radical was measured in these experiments by the discoloration of the solution. Ginkgo biloba and rutin, commonly used as antioxidants for medical(More)
Counter-current chromatography (CCC) was used to isolate chavibetol from the essential oil of leaves of Pimenta pseudocaryophyllus (Gomes) Landrum. Chavibetol was obtained in high purity (98%) and mass recovery (94.4%). Methyleugenol was also isolated. The CCC biphasic solvent system used was composed of hexane:n-butanol:methanol:water (12:4:4:3, v/v/v/v).
Lippia alba (Miller) N.E. Brown is an aromatic herb that occurs in practically all regions of Brazil and has a large importance in Brazilian folk medicine. This species is characterized by a variability in morphology and in the chemical composition of the essential oil. The present work focused on the ethnopharmacological investigation of Lippia alba,(More)
The natural naphthopyranones paepalantine [structure: see text], paepalantine-9-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside [structure: see text] and paepalantine-9-O-beta-D-allopyranosyl-(1-->6)-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside [structure: see text] were separated in a preparative scale from the ethanolic extract of the capitula of Paepalanthus bromelioides by high-speed(More)
Foliar secretory cavities, commonly called leaf pellucid glands, have been reported in many families of vascular plants. In the Rubiaceae, these structures have only been found in the sister genera Rustia and Tresanthera, which are also anomalous within the family because they have poricidal anthers, and in the distantly related Heterophyllaea. General leaf(More)
The buffy-headed marmoset (Callithrix flaviceps) is apparently the only predispersal herbivore of the seeds of Siparuna guianensis at the Caratinga Biological Station in southeastern Brazil. Both the fruit receptacles and the frutioles (seeds) of S. guianensis are relatively rich in nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids, but the receptacles(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Malaria is the most important parasitic disease in the world, including in the Amazon region, due to its high incidence. In addition, malaria is difficult to control because of the geographical characteristics of the endemic Amazon region. The quilombola communities of Oriximina, located in remote rainforest areas, have(More)
The flavone glycosides, named scutellarein-7-O-beta-D-apiofuranoside and apigenin-7-O-beta-D-apiofuranosyl-(1-->2)-beta-D-apiofuranoside, and the flavone celtidifoline (5,6,4',5'-tetrahydroxy-7,3'-dimethoxyflavone), along with other 11 known compounds, were isolated from leaves of the ethyl acetate extract of Lantana trifolia L. using step gradient High(More)