Learn More
Estradiol-17beta (E2) is suspected to exert a role in the regulation of testicular activity. Using a nonmammalian vertebrate model (the frog, Rana esculenta), we have investigated whether c-fos activity is detectable in the testis during the annual sexual cycle and whether E2 exerts a regulatory role on spermatogenesis through fos activity. FOS protein is(More)
C-fos activity was determined in the brain of the frog, Rana esculenta, during the annual sexual cycle. The localization of GnRH molecular forms (mammalian- and chicken-GnRHII) was also carried out to determine whether or not the proto-oncogene and the peptides showed a functional relationship. Northern blot analysis of total RNA revealed the presence of a(More)
Testicular descent corresponds to migration of the testis from the abdominal cavity to the scrotum and is essential for proper functioning of the testis. Recent advances in the characterization of estrogen receptor (ESR) subtypes and isoforms in various tissues prompted us to study ESRs within the gubernaculum testis, a structure involved in testicular(More)
The maternal and paternal genomes possess distinct epigenetic marks that distinguish them at imprinted loci. In order to identify imprinted loci, we used a novel method, taking advantage of the fact that uniparental disomy (UPD) provides a system that allows the two parental chromosomes to be studied independently. We profiled the paternal and maternal(More)
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a chronic condition caused by atherosclerosis and is a severe complication of type 2 diabetes (T2D). We hypothesised that chronic condition of arterial disease engenders inflammation and endothelial damage in response to circulating cytokines released in the blood stream of PAD patients. We explored the levels of(More)
Critical limb ischemia (CLI) is a vascular disease affecting lower limbs, which is going to become a demanding challenge because of the aging of the population. Despite advances in endovascular therapies, CLI is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Patients without direct revascularization options have the worst outcomes. To date, 25%-40% of CLI(More)
Anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) were the first endocannabinoids to be characterized, that bind two G protein-coupled receptors, CB1 and CB2. AEA synthesized by multiple pathways, including NAPE-specific phospholipase D (NAPE-PLD) and degraded by the fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). AEA levels are critical in regulating embryo(More)
Prevailing studies emphasize on endocannabinoid activity in brain. However, sporadic evidences hint that endocannabinoid system controls male reproduction ranging from invertebrates to vertebrates. Although N-arachidonoylethanolamine is described in rat testis, its activity is still poorly known. Type-1 cannabinoid receptor and fatty acid amide hydrolase(More)
Endocannabinoids are endogenous ligands for plasma membrane receptors (CB1 and CB2), belonging to the superfamily of G-protein-coupled receptors. They mimic some of the effects played by D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active principle isolated from Cannabis sativa. N-arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide, AEA) is the main endocannabinoid described to(More)