Gilda Cobellis

Learn More
During transit through the epididymis, spermatozoa are normally kept immotile and do not attain the ability to become motile until they reach the caudal epididymis. This study was undertaken to determine whether endocannabinoids play a role in the epididymis and in particular in suppressing the ability of spermatozoa to become motile. We show that the(More)
Endocannabinoids are endogenous ligands for plasma membrane receptors (CB1 and CB2), belonging to the superfamily of G-protein-coupled receptors. They mimic some of the effects played by D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active principle isolated from Cannabis sativa. N-arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide, AEA) is the main endocannabinoid described to(More)
Prevailing studies emphasize on endocannabinoid activity in brain. However, sporadic evidences hint that endocannabinoid system controls male reproduction ranging from invertebrates to vertebrates. Although N-arachidonoylethanolamine is described in rat testis, its activity is still poorly known. Type-1 cannabinoid receptor and fatty acid amide hydrolase(More)
The morphofunctional relationship between the endocannabinoid system and GnRH activity in the regulation of reproduction has poorly been investigated in vertebrates. Due to the anatomical features of lower vertebrate brain, in the present paper, we chose the frog Rana esculenta (anuran amphibian) as a suitable model to better investigate such aspects of the(More)
Endogenous cannabinoids and type-1 cannabinoid receptor (CB1) are widely produced and distributed in the central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nerves in mammals. In addition, the detection of endocannabinoids and corresponding receptors in non nervous peripheral tissues indicates an involvement of the system in the control of a wide range of(More)
BACKGROUND The goal of our study was to molecularly dissect mesothelioma tumour pathways by mean of microarray technologies in order to identify new tumour biomarkers that could be used as early diagnostic markers and possibly as specific molecular therapeutic targets. METHODOLOGY We performed Affymetrix HGU133A plus 2.0 microarray analysis, containing(More)
This review emphasizes the comparative approach for developing insight into knowledge related to cellular communications occurring in the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal axis. Indeed, research on adaptive phenomena leads to evolutionary tracks. Thus, going through recent results, we suggest that pheromonal communication precedes local communication which, in(More)
The importance of the endocannabinoid system (ECBS) and its involvement in several physiological processes is still increasing. Since the isolation of the main active compound of Cannabis sativa, Delta(9)-THC, several lines of research have evidenced the basic roles of this signaling system mainly considering its high conservation during evolution. In this(More)
Endocannabinoids, via cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2), affect reproductive functions at both local and central level. Due to the high complexity of the endocannabinoid system, to the widespread distribution outside the nervous system and to the high degree of evolutionary conservation, a deep CB1 molecular characterization among species may be useful to(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that metabolism is implicated in the control of stem cell identity. Here, we demonstrate that embryonic stem cell (ESC) behaviour relies on a feedback loop that involves the non-essential amino acid L-Proline (L-Pro) in the modulation of the Gcn2-Eif2α-Atf4 amino acid starvation response (AAR) pathway that in turn regulates(More)