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Cultures of adult human prostatic epithelial and fibroblastic cells were established from normal, benign hyperplastic, and malignant tissues. Vitamin D receptors were detected by ligand binding of [3H]1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] in cytosolic extracts prepared from all types of cell cultures as well as from fresh prostatic tissues. Vitamin D(More)
The mechanisms by which hypoxia causes vasoconstriction in vivo are not known. Accumulating evidence implicates the endothelium as a key regulator of vascular tone. Hypoxia induces the expression and secretion of endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictor in cultured human endothelial cells. We report here that nitric oxide (NO), an endothelial-derived(More)
After isoprenylation, Ras and other CAAX proteins undergo endoproteolytic processing by Rce1 and methylation of the isoprenylcysteine by Icmt (isoprenylcysteine carboxyl methyltransferase). We reported previously that Rce1-deficient mice died during late gestation or soon after birth. We hypothesized that Icmt deficiency might cause a milder phenotype, in(More)
After isoprenylation and endoproteolytic processing, the Ras proteins are methylated at the carboxyl-terminal isoprenylcysteine. The importance of isoprenylation for targeting of Ras proteins to the plasma membrane is well established, but the importance of carboxyl methylation, which is carried out by isoprenylcysteine carboxyl methyltransferase (Icmt), is(More)
Normal blood vessel tone is maintained by a balance of vasoconstrictors and vasodilators produced by endothelial cells in the vasculature. Nitric oxide (NO) is a potent vasodilator that causes vascular smooth muscle cell relaxation by elevating intracellular guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) levels. The physiological mechanisms regulating NO(More)
BACKGROUND Glioblastoma is a type of highly malignant primary brain tumour. By means of ion excretion and the associated obligatory water loss, glioma cells can change shapes and undergo extensive migration and invasion. This study investigated the effects of inhibition of ion excretion in glioma cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS The expression of chloride(More)
Genetic studies in Saccharomyces cerevisiae identified two genes, STE24 and RCE1, involved in cleaving the three carboxyl-terminal amino acids from isoprenylated proteins that terminate with a CAAX sequence motif. Ste24p cleaves the carboxyl-terminal "-AAX" from the yeast mating pheromone a-factor, whereas Rce1p cleaves the -AAX from both a-factor and(More)
Expression of certain cytokeratins can be indicative of the state of differentiation of epithelial cells. The basal cells in the normal adult human prostatic epithelium are characterized by the expression of cytokeratins 5 and 14, whereas the secretory luminal cells contain cytokeratins 8 and 18. Cells cultured from the prostatic epithelium expressed(More)
Microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) transfers lipids to apolipoprotein B (apoB) within the endoplasmic reticulum, a process that involves direct interactions between apoB and the large subunit of MTP. Recent studies with heterozygous MTP knockout mice have suggested that half-normal levels of MTP in the liver reduce apoB secretion. We(More)
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