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The objective of the study was to test the association between gestational weight gain, reproductive factors, and postpartum weight retention based on a cohort conducted with 405 women aged 18-45 y with follow-up waves at 0.5, 2, 6, and 9 mo postpartum. The outcome variable, postpartum weight retention, was calculated as the difference between the measured(More)
BACKGROUND Birth weight is positively associated with adult bone mass. However, it is not clear if its effect is already evident in early adulthood. OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between birth weight, adult body size, the interaction between them and bone mass in young adults. METHODS Bone densitometry by DXA was performed on 496 individuals(More)
OBJECTIVE This population-based birth cohort study examined whether normal weight obesity is associated with metabolic disorders in young adults in a middle-income country undergoing rapid nutrition transition. DESIGN AND METHODS The sample involved 1,222 males and females from the 1978/79 Ribeirão Preto birth cohort, Brazil, aged 23-25 years. NWO was(More)
This study aimed to describe the prevalence of psychiatric disorders and to identify the factors associated with Current Suicide Risk (CSR) in the first trimester of pregnancy. The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.) was employed to diagnose mental disorders in 239 women enrolled in a prospective cohort in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Serum(More)
BACKGROUND Some authors have described an inverse association between adiponectin and depression, but this association has not yet been investigated during the perinatal period. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association between the plasma adiponectin levels and symptoms of depression in women from early pregnancy to 30-45 days postpartum. METHODS A(More)
This systematic literature review comprised 16 studies. The association of birth weight with bone parameters was much more evident for bone mineral content (BMC) rather than bone mineral density (BMD). This is an important finding since a reduction in BMC is strongly associated with an increased risk of fractures. The purpose of this study was to conduct a(More)
BACKGROUND The relation between postpartum weight retention and breastfeeding practices is controversial. OBJECTIVE Defining breastfeeding as the period when a child is exclusively or predominantly breastfed, we studied the association between breastfeeding duration and postpartum weight retention. DESIGN We followed 405 women aged 18-45 y who were(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify factors potentially associated with weight retention measured 9 months after childbirth. DESIGN Prospective study with four follow-up waves in time (0.5, 2, 6 and 9 months postpartum). SETTING Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Two hundred and sixty-six Brazilian women of childbearing age. Analysis was based on(More)
The usefulness of routine prenatal weight measurements in predicting pregnancy outcomes is still a controversial issue. Comparisons among studies and the interpretation of research findings are complicated due to the variety of indicators applied to express maternal weight changes during and after pregnancy. A review of literature was conducted to clarify(More)
This study presents follow-up results on trends in postpartum weight retention among women in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, at 0.5, 2, 6, and 9 months postpartum. The outcome variable, weight retention, was calculated by subtracting the reported pre-pregnancy weight from the observed weight at each interview. Statistical analyses used means and a 95%(More)