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Between January 2002 and November 2003, 50% (n = 395) of short-toed larks (Calandrella rufescens) and 28% (n = 139) of Berthelot's pipits (Anthus berthelotti) examined on the islands of Fuerteventura and Lanzarote, Canary Islands, had gross lesions compatible with avian pox. However, Spanish sparrows (Passer hispaniolensis, n = 128) and trumpeter finches… (More)
BACKGROUND Preoxygenation before tracheal intubation is intended to increase oxygen reserves and delay the onset of hypoxemia during apnea. Various systems are used for preoxygenation. Designed specifically for preoxygenation, the NasOral system uses a small nasal mask for inspiration and a mouthpiece for exhalation. One-way valves in the nasal mask and the… (More)
The increasing temperature associated with climate change impacts grapevine phenology and development with critical effects on grape yield and composition. Plant breeding has the potential to deliver new cultivars with stable yield and quality under warmer climate conditions, but this requires the identification of stable genetic determinants. This study… (More)
Recent clinical trials have demonstrated that pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) may prevent HIV infection in a significant number of HIV-1 negative individuals in venerable populations; however, trial efficacy has been highly variable, with notable successes and failures. Poor adherence to PrEP regimens has been implicated as a primary factor in determining… (More)
Preexposure prophylaxis using oral regimens involving the HIV nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and emtricitabine (FTC) demonstrated efficacy in three clinical trials. Adherence was determined to be a key parameter for success. Incorporation of the TDF-FTC combination into intravaginal rings (IVRs) for sustained… (More)
The most important determinants of the functional ability of an amputated part are proper patient selection and the recognition of vascular compromise. Ideally, a well-performed anastomosis should need no pharmacologic assistance, but the ideal is often the exception. The authors present an empirical approach to use of anticoagulation medication.