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Radioiodinated 15-(p-iodophenyl)-3,3-dimethylpentadecanoic acid (DMIPP) has been prepared as a new terminal iodophenyl-substituted fatty acid containing dimethyl-branching at the beta position. For the synthesis of this new agent, chain homologation was accomplished by fabrication of a 2,5-disubstituted thiophene by successive Friedel-Crafts acylation and(More)
We present a flow cytometry technique to evaluate the antioxidative properties of molecules on living cells, using a stable murine-murine hybridoma (Mark 3) cell line routinely cultured. Using this technique, intracellular superoxide anions and peroxides were evaluated with dihydrorhodamine (DHR-123) and dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA),(More)
To measure pancreatic lipase activity, we synthesized a triglyceride containing a radioiodinated fatty acid. The urinary excretion of radioactivity was measured in five rats following administration of the agent by feeding tube. We attached 15-phenylpentadecanoic acid (PPA) to position-3 of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-rac-glycerol (1,2-Pal) to form 1,2-Pal-3-PPA. The(More)
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an autoimmune disease with pathological features reminiscent of those seen in multiple sclerosis and thus serves as an animal model for this disease. Inhibition of type IV phosphodiesterase (PDE IV) in animals with this disease has been shown to result in amelioration of disease symptoms. Here we describe(More)
Methods have been developed for the preparation of terminal p-idophenyl-substituted alpha- and beta-methyl-branched long-chain fatty acids. The syntheses and physical properties of 14-(p-iodophenyl)-2(RS)-methyltetradecanoic acid and 15-p-iodophenyl)-3(RS)-methylpentadecanoic acid are described. The radioiodinated agents are of interest as a result of the(More)
Cell division cycle (CDC) 25 proteins are key phosphatases regulating cell cycle transition and proliferation by regulating CDK/cyclin complexes. Overexpression of these enzymes is frequently observed in cancer and is related to aggressiveness, high-grade tumors and poor prognosis. Thus, targeting CDC25 by compounds, able to inhibit their activity, appears(More)
In this article guidelines for single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) of the brain are presented by the Task Group "Neurology" of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine (EANM). Under separate headings are discussed: the pathophysiologic principles of various brain diseases, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of various(More)
OBJECTIVES There is evidence from recent controlled clinical studies that replacement therapy of hypothyroidism with T4 in combination with a small amount of T3 may improve the well-being of the patients. As the issue is still the subject of controversial discussion, our study was assigned to confirm the superiority of a physiological combination of thyroid(More)
The use of doxorubicin (DOX) in the treatment of solid tumors is limited by cardiotoxicity essentially due to oxidative stress generation. The aim of this study was to identify coumarin derivatives displaying a protective antioxidant activity without affecting DOX antitumoral efficiency. A set of eighteen coumarinic derivatives was synthesized. Their(More)
Forty-one ECD (Technetium-99m-ethyl cysteinate dimer) SPECT investigations were undertaken in the course of a presurgical diagnostic work-up in 23 patients with pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy. In 21 patients, both an ictal and interictal SPECT were conducted. In the patients receiving ictal SPECT the tracer was injected between 7 and 30 s after the(More)