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Images of mammalian organs were built up using a Laser collimated transillumination device equipped with a bidirectional scanning setup. A microcomputer was used to run the scanning process, acquisition of detected signals and images restitution. The images featured a satisfactory resolution of optical discontinuities on both sample surfaces. Light(More)
The main aim of this study was to examine the temporal aspects of neuronal changes during the observation and execution of simple and complex tasks to gain a greater understanding of the mirror neuron system's involvement in complex motor tasks. Eleven right-handed subjects observed simple and complex finger movement sequences. Electroencephalograms were(More)
The degree of polarization of light propagating through scattering media was measured as a function of the sample thickness in a Mach-Zehnder interferometer at a wavelength of lambda = 633 nm. For polystyrene microspheres of diameters 200, 430, and 940 nm, depolarization began to appear for thicknesses larger than 23, 19, and 15 scattering mean free paths(More)
A dual-channel Mach-Zehnder interferometer using heterodyne detection allowed us to measure simultaneously parallel and perpendicular polarization components through various mammalian tissues at a wavelength of lambda = 633 nm. By contrast with liver tissue, squeletic muscles of a few millimeters thickness exhibit strong anisotropic properties that change(More)
The aim of this study was to provide further evidence for the existence of a mirror neuron system in humans using electroencephalography during the observation and execution of non-object-related movements. Event-related desynchronization and synchronization (ERD/ERS) were used to characterize brain activity prior to, and during, observation and execution(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of instructions and expertise upon neuronal changes during observation of sequential finger movements. Professional pianists and musically naïve subjects observed these movements with the aim of either replicating or recognizing them at a later stage. A non-linear measure of functional coupling was used to(More)
The aim of this study was to test the validity of mirror neuron activity in humans through analysis of electroencephalographic (EEG) functional connectivity during an action not directed towards an object. We investigated changes in EEG interchannel synchronization prior to and during action execution and also prior to and during observation of the same(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the modulation of acute provoked pain by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the motor cortex in patients with chronic neuropathic pain. METHODS In 32 patients with chronic neuropathic pain affecting one upper limb, laser-evoked potentials (LEPs) (N2 and P2 components) were recorded in response to laser stimulation(More)
The clinical interest of a new type of laser evoked potentials (LEPs) using Nd:YAG laser was assessed in the diagnosis of peripheral neuropathies affecting the small-diameter nerve fibres, and of spinal cord lesions, affecting the spinothalamic tract. Twelve patients aged from 26 to 79 years with sensory neuropathies (n = 6) or spinal cord lesions (n = 6)(More)