Gilbert Ira Martin

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Home apnea/bradycardia monitoring is frequently used in the management of infants at increased risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). However, some infants have died despite evaluation by infant apnea programs, and the benefits of home monitoring remain unproven. To determine the SIDS rate and risk factors of infants evaluated by infant apnea(More)
OBJECTIVE Our goal was to update our experience with nucleated red blood cells as a marker for fetal asphyxia and to determine whether a relationship exists between the presence of nucleated red blood cells and long-term neurologic impairment. STUDY DESIGN Nucleated red blood cell data from 153 singleton term neurologically impaired neonates were compared(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to determine whether a relationship exists between the presence of nucleated red blood cells, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, and long-term neonatal neurologic impairment. STUDY DESIGN Nucleated red blood cell data from 46 singleton term neurologically impaired neonates were compared with cord blood nucleated red blood cells of(More)
Current understanding of the physiologic mechanisms of intrapartum fetal asphyxial brain injury has suggested a strong association with multiorgan system injury. Thus the purpose here is to describe 14 cases of severe fetal brain injury with absent multiorgan system dysfunction (MSD). The study population was drawn from a national registry for brain injured(More)
There has been a societal presumption that most, if not all, cases of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy-induced cerebral palsy occur during the 3 hours that are related to the events of labor and delivery; society has tended to overlook the remaining 7000 hours of the pregnancy. As a result of this societal perspective, often times the obstetrician has been(More)
More than 25 years have elapsed since continuous cardiorespiratory monitoring at home was suggested to decrease the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). In the ensuing interval, multiple studies have been unable to establish the alleged efficacy of its use. In this statement, the most recent research information concerning extreme limits for a(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether a term neonate who has had sufficient intrapartum asphyxia to produce persistent brain injury will manifest the following four criteria: profound acidemia (arterial pH <7.00), an APGAR score < or =3 for 5 min or longer, seizures within 24 h of birth, and multiorgan system dysfunction. METHODS Singleton, liveborn,(More)
In recent years, survival of the extremely low birthweight infant has dramatically improved. Morbidity, both short- and long-term, however, remains very high Costs in the currency of pain and suffering for the newborn, stress and financial burdens for the family, and dollars for society are extensive. The controversial questions that are discussed include:(More)