Gilbert Harman

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Conceptual role semantics (CRS) is the view that the meanings of expressions of a language (or other symbol system) or the contents of mental states are determined or explained by the role of the expressions or mental states in thinking. The theory can be taken to be applicable to language in the ordinary sense, to mental representations, conceived of(More)
there is surprisingly little consistency in people’s friendliness, honesty, or any other personality trait from one situation to other, different situations. . . . [W]e often fail to realize this, and tend to assume that behavior is far more consistent and predictable than it really is. As a result, when we observe people’s behavior, we jump to conclusions(More)
In this article, we provide a tutorial overview of some aspects of statistical learning theory, which also goes by other names such as statistical pattern recognition, nonparametric classification and estimation, and supervised learning. We focus on the problem of two-class pattern classification for various reasons. This problem is rich enough to capture(More)
Although the expression ̳metaphysical necessity‘ is a technical term of analytic philosophy, I think that non-philosophers usually either have an inchoate, implicit grasp of the concept expressed by it, or can at least very easily be gotten to cotton on when the concept is explained to them, even if they are not given an explicit definition. When presenting(More)
Sartre (1956) describes ways in which one may present oneself to others as being a certain sort of person. In one of his examples, a waiter presents himself as a waiter by as it were acting the part of a waiter. More generally, Sartre argues that, wanting to be, or at least to appear to others to be, a person of a certain sort or character, one often acts(More)
In his elegant discussion, Sripada distinguishes three possible innate bases for aspects of morality: (1) certain specific principles might be innate, (2) a less simple “principles and parameters” model might apply, and (3) innate biases might have have some influence over what morality a person acquires without determining the content of that morality.1 He(More)
T HIS paper examines applications ofan empiricist analysis of knowledge. Without attempting to defend the analysis, I shall assume that it is roughly correct and shall draw some consequences. I-shallargue in particular that it suggests solutions oLgroblems in inductive logic and statistical exSmaticn. These applications support the analysis; but I shall(More)