Gilbert Gosselin

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BACKGROUND In patients with stable coronary artery disease, it remains unclear whether an initial management strategy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with intensive pharmacologic therapy and lifestyle intervention (optimal medical therapy) is superior to optimal medical therapy alone in reducing the risk of cardiovascular events. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Extent and severity of myocardial ischemia are determinants of risk for patients with coronary artery disease, and ischemia reduction is an important therapeutic goal. The Clinical Outcomes Utilizing Revascularization and Aggressive Drug Evaluation (COURAGE) nuclear substudy compared the effectiveness of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)(More)
Consecutive cardiac catheterization procedures done over a 2-yr period (April 1996 to March 1998) were prospectively analyzed to determine and characterize procedure-related complications (in-hospital and 1-mo follow-up), as they occur at present. During the study period, 11,821 procedures (7,953 diagnostic and 3,868 therapeutic) were performed. The(More)
BACKGROUND Animal studies suggest a major role of the pulmonary circulation in the clearance of circulating endothelin-1 (ET-1). The contribution of the human pulmonary circulation to plasma ET-1 clearance, however, has never been quantified. The absence of an AV gradient in plasma ET-1 has previously been interpreted as evidence that the lungs do not have(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease is associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, and death from cardiovascular causes. Antiplatelet drugs reduce this risk, but the role of oral anticoagulant agents in the prevention of cardiovascular complications in patients with peripheral arterial disease is unclear. METHODS(More)
AIM High-density lipoproteins (HDLs) have several potentially protective vascular effects. Most clinical studies of therapies targeting HDL have failed to show benefits vs. placebo. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of an HDL-mimetic agent on atherosclerosis by intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS) and quantitative coronary angiography (QCA). DESIGN(More)
The radial approach during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been reported to reduce the incidence of bleeding complications. However, the radial approach still accounts for <10% of procedures worldwide and only 1% in the United States. Our objective was to compare the effect of radial versus femoral vascular access on the time to reperfusion,(More)
This overview provides a guideline for the management of stable ischemic heart disease. It represents the work of a primary and secondary panel of participants from across Canada who achieved consensus on behalf of the Canadian Cardiovascular Society. The suggestions and recommendations are intended to be of relevance to primary care and specialist(More)
Previous studies have indicated that angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors may reduce the frequency of ventricular arrhythmias in patients with heart failure. These reports were mostly small and of short duration. We prospectively studied 734 patients recruited in 11 universities for 1 year who were enrolled in the Studies of Left Ventricular Dysfunction(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels are elevated in congestive heart failure (CHF) in relation with the severity of pulmonary hypertension. We evaluated whether a reduced pulmonary ET-1 clearance could contribute to this elevation. METHODS AND RESULTS We determined pulmonary ET-1 clearance in 24 patients with CHF in relation with hemodynamics, plasma(More)