Gilbert Eriani

Min Tan4
Xiao-Long Zhou4
4Min Tan
4Xiao-Long Zhou
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Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aaRSs) are remarkable enzymes that are in charge of the accurate recognition and ligation of amino acids and tRNA molecules. The greatest difficulty in accurate aminoacylation appears to be in discriminating between highly similar amino acids. To reduce mischarging of tRNAs by non-cognate amino acids, aaRSs have evolved an(More)
To prevent potential errors in protein synthesis, some aminoacyl-transfer RNA (tRNA) synthetases have evolved editing mechanisms to hydrolyze misactivated amino acids (pre-transfer editing) or misacylated tRNAs (post-transfer editing). Class Ia leucyl-tRNA synthetase (LeuRS) may misactivate various natural and non-protein amino acids and then mischarge(More)
The editing reactions catalyzed by aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are critical for the faithful protein synthesis by correcting misactivated amino acids and misaminoacylated tRNAs. We report that the isolated editing domain of leucyl-tRNA synthetase from the deep-rooted bacterium Aquifex aeolicus (alphabeta-LeuRS) catalyzes the hydrolytic editing of both(More)
Recognition of tRNA by the cognate aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase during translation is crucial to ensure the correct expression of the genetic code. To understand tRNA(Leu) recognition sets and their evolution, the recognition of tRNA(Leu) by the leucyl-tRNA synthetase (LeuRS) from the primitive hyperthermophilic bacterium Aquifex aeolicus was studied by RNA(More)
The fidelity of protein biosynthesis requires the aminoacylation of tRNA with its cognate amino acid catalyzed by aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase with high levels of accuracy and efficiency. Crucial bases in tRNALeu to aminoacylation or editing functions of leucyl-tRNA synthetase have been extensively studied mainly by in vitro methods. In the present study, we(More)
The leucine-specific domain (LSD) is a compact well-ordered module that participates in positioning of the conserved KMSKS catalytic loop in most leucyl-tRNA synthetases (LeuRSs). However, the LeuRS from Mycoplasma mobile (MmLeuRS) has a tetrapeptide GKDG instead of the LSD. Here, we show that the tetrapeptide GKDG can confer tRNA charging and post-transfer(More)
In metazoans, cell-cycle-dependent histones are produced from poly(A)-lacking mRNAs. The 3' end of histone mRNAs is formed by an endonucleolytic cleavage of longer precursors between a conserved stem-loop structure and a purine-rich histone downstream element (HDE). The cleavage requires at least two trans-acting factors: the stem-loop binding protein(More)
Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (AARSs) constitute a family of RNA-binding proteins, that participate in the translation of the genetic code, by covalently linking amino acids to appropriate tRNAs. Due to their fundamental importance for cell life, AARSs are likely to be one of the most ancient families of enzymes and have therefore been characterized(More)
Faithful translation of the genetic code depends on accurate coupling of amino acids with cognate transfer RNAs (tRNAs) catalyzed by aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases. The fidelity of leucyl-tRNA synthetase (LeuRS) depends mainly on proofreading at the pre- and post-transfer levels. During the catalytic cycle, the tRNA CCA-tail shuttles between the synthetic and(More)
Identity determinants are essential for the accurate recognition of transfer RNAs by aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases. To date, arginine determinants in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been identified exclusively in vitro and only on a limited number of tRNA Arginine isoacceptors. In the current study, we favor a full cellular approach and expand the(More)