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Ring chromosome formation can occur without deletion, through the abnormal pairing of the palindromic DNA base sequences thought to make up the telomeres. The normal occurrence of sister chromatid exchanges within a ring constantly produces further chromosomal anomalies that are less likely to survive when the chromosome involved is large and/or its(More)
A detailed description of the cytological mechanisms leading to autosomal trisomy shows that the proportion of trisomics carrying three alleles from three of their grandparents is bound to be greater than zero for any locus anywhere on a trisomic chromosome. The likelihood method used to estimate this proportion in pedigree data can be applied to the(More)
The proband and his elder brother had intrauterine growth retardation, hypospadias, cryptorchism, a high palate, distally placed axial triradii, and a functional and maturational CNS defect that improved with age and included the inability to suck, severe swallowing difficulties, and frequent vomiting. Their hypospadias is due to an autosomal dominant gene.(More)
Drug transporters have been implicated in resistance of solid and non-solid tumors to a variety of chemotherapeutic agents. Higher expression of the ABCB1 drug transporter is often observed in drug-resistant tumor cells, although the precise mechanism remains unclear. During selection of MCF-7 cells for survival in increasing concentrations of docetaxel(More)
We report six cases in two families and a sporadic case with a direct duplication of region 8p21.3-->23.1. In one family, the duplication started in the mother and was transmitted to one son and one daughter. In the second family, the father was mosaic for the anomaly that was transmitted to his two daughters. The cytogenetic anomaly was initially described(More)
Mitotic crossing-over does occur in man and is much more frequent and important than generally assumed. Its postzygotic occurrence before an embryo differentiates into MZ twins is theoretically predicted to have disrupting effects on genomic imprinting and cis-acting sequences, with consequences ranging from early lethality to MZ twin discordance. Some(More)
OBJECTIVES The study evaluates the differences between Aboriginal and Caucasian women in the levels of maternal serum markers used in second-trimester Down syndrome screening (alpha-fetoprotein, unconjugated estriol, and total human chorionic gonadotrophin). METHODS A case-control study compared the levels of serum markers in 401 Aboriginal women and 1565(More)
The authors have accomplished an epidemiological clinical and genetic study on primary open-angle glaucoma among 411 persons in the North Western district of Greece (Epirus), belonging to 4 genealogical trees. 112 of the 411 persons were offsprings aged 30 years or more, alive or dead, and they had direct blood-relation to the propositus. 35 of these(More)
INTRODUCTION Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is currently the standard for diagnosing anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-rearranged (ALK+) lung cancers for ALK inhibitor therapies. ALK immunohistochemistry (IHC) may serve as a screening and alternative diagnostic method. The Canadian ALK (CALK) study was initiated to implement a multicenter(More)