Gilbert A. Blaise

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BACKGROUND Although epidural corticosteroid injections are commonly used for sciatica, their efficacy has not been established. METHODS In a randomized, double-blind trial, we administered up to three epidural injections of methylprednisolone acetate (80 mg in 8 ml of isotonic saline) or isotonic saline (1 ml) to 158 patients with sciatica due to a(More)
IN 1998, the World Health Organization sponsored a symposium on pulmonary hypertension at which a new, more clinically useful classification system was adopted.§ Traditionally, pulmonary hypertension had been classified as being primary or secondary. The classification proposed at the World Health Organization symposium divides pulmonary hypertension into(More)
While an increasing amount of evidence demonstrates the homeostatic functions of the cardiac oxytocin (OT) system, less is known about the role of this hormone in the injured heart. The current study examined the effect of OT infusion on cell apoptosis, expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and inflammation in the acute and subacute phases(More)
PURPOSE To review the pulmonary and systemic effects of endogenous nitric oxide and inhaled nitric oxide administered to patients. SOURCE A systematic search for experimental data, human case reports, and randomized clinical trials since 1980, the year of discovery of endothelium-derived relaxing factor. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Nitric oxide has pulmonary and(More)
OBJECTIVE Because nitrate represents the major end-product of nitric oxide in vivo and can affect enzyme activity, cell electrophysiological functions, and cell membrane integrity, we hypothesized that overaccumulated nitric oxide-derived nitrate anion in tissues or organs in vivo may contribute to endotoxic shock and multiple organ injury/dysfunction(More)
PURPOSE Although the analogy of nitric oxide (NO) to Endothelium-derived Relaxing Factor remains controversial, medical use of exogenous NO gas by inhalation has grown exponentially. This review presents the mechanisms of action of inhaled NO in pulmonary hypertension, hypoxaemia, inflammation and oedema, as well as its therapeutic and diagnostic(More)
We evaluated the effects of CO2 embolism on end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) and compared four methods for detection of gas embolism. Fourteen pigs were monitored for CO2 embolism with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), changes in ETCO2, changes in mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP), and precordial auscultation (AUSC). Serial injections of CO2(More)
This pilot randomized controlled clinical trial of patients with ARDS was implemented to study the impact of inhaled nitric oxide (inhNO) on lung function, morbidity, and mortality. Thirty patients with ARDS were randomly allocated to usual care or usual care plus inhNO. The optimal dose of inhNO was determined to be between 0.5 and 40 parts-per-million(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a powerful vasoactive agent that contributes to the regulation of blood pressure (BP). However, the role of NO in uremic patients and during the course of hemodialysis is still debated. Blood L-arginine concentrations and exhaled NO concentrations were measured in 22 healthy controls and in 22 hemodialysis patients before and after(More)