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This chapter describes current findings from the research into postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) following cardiac and non-cardiac surgery in older adults. The evidence suggests that a significant proportion of patients show POCD in the early weeks following surgery and anesthesia. Specific domains of cognition are affected, especially memory. Much(More)
PURPOSE Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a chronic inflammatory pain syndrome that affects one or more extremities of the body. It is characterized by burning pain and abnormalities in the sensory, motor, and autonomic nervous systems. This review illustrates how oxidative stress and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2) activation might(More)
BACKGROUND Volatile anesthetics, such as halothane and isoflurane, have been reported to affect the endothelium mediated relaxation of vascular smooth muscle cells. Because the activity of the constitutive nitric oxide synthase in endothelial cells depends on the availability of intracellular Ca2+, there is a definite possibility that the observed(More)
invited speaker: irene Tracey nuffield Professor anaesthetic science & director, oxford centre for fMri of Brain, nuffield department of clinical neurosciences, (head, nuffield division anaesthetics), oxford university, england, uK The ability to experience pain is old and shared across species. It confers an evolutionary advantage and provides a warning of(More)
The aim of the present study was to explore the effectiveness of an alternative method to manage pain based on a time-limited intrathecal (IT) infusion of an analgesic medication mixture. Three patients (69, 64 and 94 years of age) with intractable and poorly controlled pain due to bed sores, pelvic metastatic mass, and thoracic vertebra and rib(More)
INTRODUCTION New research shows shown that erythropoietin has neuro-protective effects. In preclinical trial and human clinical trials, it was demonstrated that erythropoietin is effective treatment for spinal cord injury. Early administration of medications after injury increases the hope of attenuating secondary damage and maximizing an improved outcome.(More)
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