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We consider the following problem: given a k-(node) connected graph G find a smallest set F of new edges so that the graph G + F is (k + 1)-connected. The complexity status of this problem is an open question. The problem admits a 2-approximation algorithm. Another algorithm due to Jordán computes an augmenting edge set with at most (k − 1)/2 edges over the(More)
Purpose: To improve the calculation of T 1 relaxation time from a set of variable flip-angle (FA) spoiled gradient recalled echo images. Materials and Methods: The proposed method: (a) uses a uniform weighting of all FAs, (b) takes into account global inaccuracies in the generation of the prescribed FAs by estimating the actual FAs, and (c) incorporates(More)
AFFINITY MATURATION OCCURS THROUGH TWO SELECTION PROCESSES the choice of appropriate clones (clonal selection), and the internal evolution within clones, induced by somatic hyper-mutations, where high affinity mutants are selected for. When a final population of immunoglobulin sequences is observed, the genetic composition of this population is affected by(More)
Compartmental modeling is a widely used tool in neurophysiology but the detail and scope of such models is frequently limited by lack of computational resources. Here we implement compartmental modeling on low cost Graphical Processing Units (GPUs), which significantly increases simulation speed compared to NEURON. Testing two methods for solving the(More)
This study proposes an automatic method for identification and quantification of different tissue components: the non-enhanced infiltrative tumor, vasogenic edema and enhanced tumor areas, at the subject level, in patients with glioblastoma (GB) based on dynamic contrast enhancement (DCE) and dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) MRI. Nineteen MR data sets,(More)
PURPOSE To optimize the analysis of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) under the two-compartment-exchange-model (2CXM) and to incorporate voxelwise bolus-arrival-time (BAT). MATERIALS AND METHODS The accuracy of the pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters, extracted from 3T DCE-MRI using 2CXM, was tested under several conditions: eight(More)
Incremental selection within a population, defined as limited fitness changes following mutation, is an important aspect of many evolutionary processes. Strongly advantageous or deleterious mutations are detected using the synonymous to non-synonymous mutations ratio. However, there are currently no precise methods to estimate incremental selection. We here(More)
Dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) MRI using Tofts' model for estimating vascular permeability is widely accepted, yet inter-tissue differences in bolus arrival time (BAT) are generally ignored. In this work we propose a method, incorporating the BAT in the analysis, demonstrating its applicability and advantages in healthy subjects and patients. A method for(More)
Differentiation between treatment-related changes and progressive disease (PD) remains a major clinical challenge in the follow-up of patients with high grade brain tumors. The aim of this study was to differentiate between treatment-related changes and PD using dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) MRI. Twenty patients were scanned using conventional, DCE-MRI(More)
PURPOSE Spatiotemporal encoding (SPEN) can deliver single-scan MR images without folding complications and with increased robustness to chemical shift and susceptibility artifacts. Yet, it does so at the expense of relatively high specific absorption rates (SAR) owing to its reliance on frequency-swept pulses. This study describes SPEN implementations aimed(More)