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This article describes the process utilized to create research questions which promote technology as an infrastructure to enable safe nursing practice. Beginning with scenarios of safety problems related to nursing practice, the team identified information technology including hardware, software, and organizational and operational components to help improve(More)
Electronic medical record systems improve the quality of patient care and decrease medical errors, but their financial effects have not been as well documented. The purpose of this study was to estimate the net financial benefit or cost of implementing electronic medical record systems in primary care. We performed a cost-benefit study to analyze the(More)
BACKGROUND Adverse drug events (ADEs) are both common and costly. Most hospitals identify ADEs using spontaneous reporting, but this approach lacks sensitivity; chart review identifies more events but is expensive. Computer-based approaches to ADE identification appear promising, but they have not been directly compared with chart review and they are not(More)
BACKGROUND Hospital admissions due to adverse drug events (ADEs) are expensive, and many may be preventable, yet few institutions have ongoing surveillance for these events. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the use of a computer-based ADE monitor to identify admissions due to ADEs and to measure the associated costs. DESIGN Prospective cohort study in one tertiary(More)
A b s t r a c t While evidence-based medicine has increasingly broad-based support in health care, it remains difficult to get physicians to actually practice it. Across most domains in medicine, practice has lagged behind knowledge by at least several years. The authors believe that the key tools for closing this gap will be information systems that(More)
  • Gilad J Kuperman, Anne Bobb, Thomas H Rph, Anthony J Payne, Tejal K Avery, Gerard Gandhi +3 others
  • 2006
A b s t r a c t While medications can improve patients' health, the process of prescribing them is complex and error prone, and medication errors cause many preventable injuries. Computer provider order entry (CPOE) with clinical decision support (CDS), can improve patient safety and lower medication-related costs. To realize the medication-related benefits(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of an automatic alerting system on the time until treatment is ordered for patients with critical laboratory results. DESIGN Prospective randomized controlled trial. INTERVENTION A computer system to detect critical conditions and automatically notify the responsible physician via the hospital's paging system. PATIENTS(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine characteristics of drug allergy alert overrides, assess how often they lead to preventable adverse drug events (ADEs), and suggest methods for improving the allergy-alerting system. DESIGN Chart review was performed on a stratified random subset of all allergy alerts occurring during a 3-month period(More)