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Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory therapy approaches have been in the focus of attention in the treatment of neurodegenerative Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases where oxidative stress has been implicated. Tea extracts have been previously reported to possess radical scavenger, iron chelating and anti-inflammatory properties in a variety of tissues. The(More)
A study was made of the effects of prenatal stress on the reactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis in male and female offspring. Rat dams were subjected to noise and light stress on an unpredictable basis throughout pregnancy. At 28 days of age mRNA for POMC, proenkephalin and prodynorphin were measured in the hypothalamus of the(More)
Type 1 diabetes generally results from autoimmune destruction of pancreatic islet beta-cells, with consequent absolute insulin deficiency and complete dependence on exogenous insulin treatment. The relative paucity of donations for pancreas or islet allograft transplantation has prompted the search for alternative sources for beta-cell replacement therapy.(More)
In the present study we demonstrate neuroprotective property of green tea extract and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate in N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine mice model of Parkinson's disease. N-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine neurotoxin caused dopamine neuron loss in substantia nigra concomitant with a depletion in striatal dopamine and(More)
Children with uncontrolled type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus are characterized by a slow growth rate, which improves upon adequate therapy. While skeletal growth is an energy-consuming process involving high glucose utilization, the role of glucose transporters (GLUT) and their regulation in the bone formation process are not yet fully(More)
Childhood obesity frequently is associated with an increase in height velocity and acceleration of epiphyseal growth plate maturation despite low levels of serum growth hormone (GH). In addition, obesity is associated with higher circulating levels of leptin, a 16-kDa protein that is secreted from the adipocytes. In this study, we evaluated the direct(More)
To establish the possible roles of oxidative stress, inflammatory processes and other unknown mechanisms in neurodegeneration, we investigated brain gene alterations in N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) mice model of Parkinson's disease using Atlas mouse cDNA expression array membrane. The expression of 51 different genes involved in(More)
In order to establish whether the antioxidant and iron-chelating activities of R-apomorphine (R-APO), a D(1)-D(2) receptor agonist, may contribute to its neuroprotective property, its S-isomer, which is not a dopamine agonist, was studied. The neuroprotective property of R- and S-APO has been studied in the MPTP model of Parkinson's disease (PD). Both S-APO(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic metabolic acidosis (CMA) adversely affects bone metabolism and skeletal growth. Given the cardinal role played by the local growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in promoting cell proliferation and differentiation in growth plates, we tested the effect of CMA on the GH/IGF-I axis in a skeletal growth center. METHODS(More)
Puberty is associated with an increase in the plasma concentration of sex steroids, GH, and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). Gonadal steroid hormones are important for the normal pubertal growth spurt and skeletal growth. The mechanism by which gonadal steroids induce skeletal growth is still not fully understood. To better understand the direct effect(More)