Gila Fish

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Surgical stress is the combined result of tissue injury, anesthesia, and postoperative pain. It is characterized by elevated levels of adrenocorticotropin (ACTH), corticosterone (CS), and elevated levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in the periphery and in the spinal cord. The present study examined the effects of perioperative pain management in rats(More)
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