Gil Patrus Mundim Pena

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Abdominal angiostrongyliasis is a parasitic disease caused by Angiostrongylus costaricensis, a metastrongylid nematode with wide geographic distribution, occurring from the United States to Argentina. In Brazil, the disease has been reported from the States of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná, São Paulo, Federal District of Brasília and Minas(More)
A treatment preparation composed of purified Leishmania (L) antigenic fractions (AS210) induced linear delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) reactions over a 1-40 microg dose range, in guinea pigs. When a DBA-1 mouse collagen induced arthritis (CIA) model was used to compare AS210 treatment against: a polyvalent vaccine (AS110-1), a monovalent vaccine(More)
Analogies are important tools in human reasoning and learning, for resolving problems and providing arguments, and are extensively used in medicine. Analogy and similarity involve a structural alignment or mapping between domains. This cognitive mechanism can be used to make inferences and learn new abstractions. Through analogies, we try to explain a(More)
Although usually considered a non-pathogenic parasite in parasitological textbooks, Demodex folliculorum has been implicated as a causative agent for some dermatological conditions, such as rosacea-like eruptions and some types of blepharitis. Several anecdotal reports have demonstrated unequivocal tissue damage directly related to the presence of the(More)
A pathologic diagnosis is the result of a complex series of activities, mastered by the pathologist. The nature of these activities is, however, rarely talked about in depth. The medical literature occasionally discusses aspects of the pathologic diagnosis processes, generally departing from the pathologic practice. The lack of a model makes discussions(More)
Two cases of ectopic cutaneous schistosomiasis are described. Both patients presented with abdominal papular skin lesions, which on biopsy were found to contain granulomas with Schistosoma mansoni eggs. Twenty-five other cases were retrieved from the literature. Most patients were female, mean age 24.9 year, with a predominance of the white race. The most(More)
While injecting volunteers in Venezuela with a vaccine for prevention of leishmaniasis, we observed 100% clinical remission of a psoriatic lesion in one subject. Subsequently, the vaccine (AS100) was evaluated in psoriatic patients with an open label, single center study. The study was conducted in 2,770 subjects and included plaque (79%), guttate (10%),(More)
Unlike subclinical Cushing's disease, adrenal subclinical Cushing's syndrome is widely recognized. It is defined as an autonomous cortisol hyperproduction of mild intensity not causing specific clinical signs, but detectable biochemically as derangements of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function. Although Cushing's disease accounts for the(More)