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Previous studies have shown that morphine, injected into the substantia nigra of rats, had an antinociceptive effect on the tail-flick test. However, due to a transient behavioral stimulant effect of morphine, given intranigrally, valid tail-flick latencies cannot be obtained prior to 30 min after the injection into the nigra. In order to examine the effect(More)
Rats were given daily injections of increasing doses of morphine sulfate (40-100 mg/kg, s.c.), for 4 days. Twenty hours after the last injection of morphine, the animals received bilateral injections of naloxone (1-10 micrograms) into the substantia nigra, ventral tegmental area or sites 2 mm rostral, caudal or dorsal to the site in the nigra. Withdrawal(More)
This study was conducted to characterize the temporal relationship between intranigral injection of morphine and the onset of antinociception. The principal findings are: 1) morphine produces antinociception on the hot plate test within three minutes after intranigral injection, 2) the tail flick reflex cannot be measured within the first 30 minutes(More)
Bilateral intranigral microinjection of morphine produces dose-related and naloxone reversible analgesic-like effects on the hot-plate and tail-flick tests. The main objectives of the present studies were to further characterize the analgesic-like effects of intranigral morphine, to determine whether these effects were related to a general impairment of(More)
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