Gil Bornstein

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The cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor p27 is degraded in late G1 phase by the ubiquitin pathway, allowing CDK activity to drive cells into S phase. Ubiquitinylation of p27 requires its phosphorylation at Thr 187 (refs 3, 4) and subsequent recognition by S-phase kinase associated protein 2 (Skp2; refs 5-8), a member of the F-box family of proteins that(More)
The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21Cip1 has important roles in the control of cell proliferation, differentiation, senescence, and apoptosis. It has been observed that p21 is a highly unstable protein, but the mechanisms of its degradation remained unknown. We show here that p21 is a good substrate for an SCF (Skp1-Cullin1-F-box protein) ubiquitin(More)
The activity of cullin-containing ubiquitin protein ligase complexes is stimulated by linkage to cullin of the ubiquitin-like protein Nedd8 ("neddylation"). Neddylation is inhibited by the tight binding of cullins to CAND1 (cullin-associated and neddylation-dissociated 1) protein, and Nedd8 is removed from cullins by specific isopeptidase activity of the(More)
UNLABELLED The effect of concurrent nonopiate drug use on outcome of treatment for opiate dependence. METHOD Forty-seven opiate-dependent patients received a 6-month course of outpatient treatment with naltrexone and cognitive-behavioral therapy (behavioral naltrexone therapy, BNT) at a university-based research clinic. Opiate-negative urines and(More)
BACKGROUND Anaemia is a common complication of diabetes mellitus (DM), usually related to renal failure. There is scarce information as to the levels of haemoglobin (Hb) and the rate of anaemia in diabetic patients with normal renal function. We, therefore, evaluated haemoglobin levels and the rate of anaemia in diabetic subjects with normal renal functions(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that low levels of p27(Kip1), an inhibitor of G1 cyclin-dependent kinases, are associated with high aggressiveness and poor prognosis in a variety of cancers. Decreased levels of p27 are caused, at least in part, by acceleration of the rate of its ubiquitin-mediated degradation. In cultured cells and cell-free(More)
OBJECTIVE Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is refractory to colchicine prophylaxis in 10-20% of patients. In a number of patient series, treatment with anakinra, an interleukin-1-blocking agent, prevented FMF attacks in those with colchicine-resistant FMF. This study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy and safety of anakinra in the treatment of(More)
OBJECTIVES Temporal artery biopsy (TAB) is performed in cases of suspected giant cell arteritis (GCA), and is the gold-standard for diagnosis of the disease. Current American College of Rheumatology (ACR) classification criteria may aid in the diagnosis of GCA. We aimed to assess whether TAB is essential in all cases of suspected GCA, or whether ACR(More)
OBJECTIVES Cranial ischaemic events constitute a significant component in the clinical spectrum of giant cell arteritis (GCA). Our aim was to investigate whether cardiovascular risk factors, specific medications and baseline clinical features are associated with the development of severe cranial ischaemic events in GCA patients. METHODS Retrospective(More)
OBJECTIVES Temporal artery biopsy (TAB) is performed in patients suspected of giant cell arteritis (GCA). Inadequate TAB specimen length is considered a possible explanation for a negative biopsy in patients with GCA. We investigated the association between specimen length and diagnostic yield of TAB. METHOD We conducted a retrospective analysis of 240(More)