Gijsbertus T.J. van der Horst

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The hypothesis is advanced that the circadian pacemaker in the mammalian suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is composed at the molecular level of a nonredundant double complex of circadian genes (per1, cry1, and per2, cry2). Each one of these sets would be sufficient for the maintenance of endogenous rhythmicity and thus constitute an oscillator. Each would have(More)
Defects in the DNA repair mechanism nucleotide excision repair (NER) may lead to tumors in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) or to premature aging with loss of subcutaneous fat in Cockayne syndrome (CS). Mutations of mitochondrial (mt)DNA play a role in aging, but a link between the NER-associated CS proteins and base excision repair (BER)-associated proteins in(More)
The accumulation of stochastic DNA damage throughout an organism's lifespan is thought to contribute to ageing. Conversely, ageing seems to be phenotypically reproducible and regulated through genetic pathways such as the insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and growth hormone (GH) receptors, which are central mediators of the somatic growth axis. Here we(More)
The "protective protein" is a glycoprotein that associates with lysosomal beta-galactosidase and neuraminidase and is deficient in the autosomal recessive disorder galactosialidosis. We have isolated the cDNA encoding human "protective protein". The clone recognizes a 2 kb mRNA in normal cells that is not evident in fibroblasts of an early infantile(More)
We have isolated two cDNAs encoding human lysosomal beta-galactosidase, the enzyme deficient in GM1-gangliosidosis and Morquio B syndrome, and a beta-galactosidase-related protein. In total RNA from normal fibroblasts a major mRNA of about 2.5 kilobases (kb) is recognized by cDNA probes. A minor transcript of about 2.0 kb is visible only in immunoselected(More)
The DNA sequences of two optional introns in the gene for subunit I of cytochome c oxidase in yeast mitochondrial DNA have been determined. Both contain long unassigned reading frames (URFs). These display regions of amino acid homology with six other URFs, two of which encode proteins involved in mitochondrial RNA splicing. Such conserved regions may thus(More)
To investigate the possible involvement of DNA repair in the process of somatic hypermutation of rearranged immunoglobulin variable (V) region genes, we have analyzed the occurrence, frequency, distribution, and pattern of mutations in rearranged Vlambda1 light chain genes from naive and memory B cells in DNA repair-deficient mutant mouse strains.(More)
Epidermal keratinocytes constitute the most relevant cellular system in terms of DNA damage because of their continuous exposure to UV light and genotoxic chemicals from the environment. Here, we describe the establishment of long-term keratinocyte cultures from the skin of wild-type and nucleotide excision repair (NER) deficient mouse mutants. The use of(More)
We have studied splicing of precursors to the large ribosomal RNA and processing of the excised intron in yeast mitochondria using primer extension with reverse transcriptase and electron microscopy. Structural features of the following intermediates are described: first, a linear RNA carrying a 5'-terminal G that is not encoded in mitochondrial DNA;(More)
Lysosomal neuraminidase from human placenta has been obtained in its active form by association of an inactive neuraminidase polypeptide with beta-galactosidase and the protective protein. Using a specific antiserum, we have now identified a 66-kDa protein as the inactive neuraminidase polypeptide. It is specifically recognized on immunoblots only in its(More)